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Environment Action
Alerts for March 1 - March 7, 2001


U'wa, Columbia, Oil &
So-called 'War on Drugs'
NRDC Earth
Action Bulletin
Mange Killing
Wisconsin Wolves

Environmental Vandalism in
New South Wales, Australia
ENS News March 1 Sierra Club Action
Vol III #23

Trophy Hunters Wiping out
British Columbia's Grizzlies
ENS News March 2 EarthNet News

Victory! Boise Cascade
Cancels Chilean Chip Mill
ENS News March 5 California Activist
Network Action Alert

Arctic Wildlife Refuge
Battle Heats up
What Activists are Saying
About Off-shore Drilling
Clean up Air Pollution
in our National Parks

ENS News March 6 Tell Senators to Protect
Arctic Wildlife Refuge
Sierra Club Action
Vol III #25

LCV Congressional Update ENS News March 7

from Rainforest Action Network March 1, 2001

Here's several recent articles on the situation in Colombia. There is
coverage of both the U'wa and Oxy  in the corporate and financial press
as well as important analysis from the independant media about oil's  
central role to American involvement in Colombia.

We hope that everyone who has worked to support the U'wa is continuing
to educate themselves about the  broader context of Plan Colombia and
the battle against the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas. One of the
best things we can do to help the U'wa is to get the truth out about
what is going on in Colombia.  Communities like the U'wa are the ones
who are paying the price for our addiction to fossil fuels.  They are
the people who are literally getting caught in the crossfire as U.S.
military aid escalates the violence
in Colombia.

Write letters to the editor, educate your communities and keep on
organizing to support the U'wa and all communities on the frontlines of
the corporate global economy.

For a local organizing packet to help you support the U'wa in your
community contact  Rainforest Action Network at
415-398-4404/1-800-989-RAIN or organize@ran.org

For background information on the U'wa struggle and downloadable
resources see :
www.ran.org www.amazonwatch.org www.moles.org
In this Post
#1 Yahoo Finance - Oxy pipeline temporarily shut down Feb 28th
#2 Financial Times "Colombia strives to Strike Oil" Feb 19th
#3 Oil Rigged : There. s something slippery about the U.S. drug war in
Colombia. Feb 15th
#1 Yahoo Finance

NOTE . force majeure literally means "greater force"; a legal term for
when clause which allows for cancellation of contractual obligations
caused by events beyond the party's control, such as natural disasters
or wars.

Wednesday February 28, 12:22 pm Eastern Time

Occidental declares Colombia Cano Limon force majeure

BOGOTA, Colombia, Feb 28 (Reuters) - Occidental Petroleum Corp (NYSE:OXY
<http://finance.yahoo.com/q?s=oxy&d=t> - news
<outbind://26/n/o/oxy.html>) has declared force majeure for production
at its Cano Limon oil field in Colombia due to repeated guerrilla
attacks on its pipeline, a company spokesman said on Wednesday.
``We have declared force majeure since Tuesday,'' a Bogota-based
spokesman for Occidental's Colombian operation told Reuters.
Oil output at Cano Limon field is ``shut down'' due to bomb attacks
which stopped pumping on its 220,000-barrel-a-day capacity pipeline on
Feb 17, the spokesman said.
Field operator Occidental receives 35 percent of the oil pumped through
Cano Limon, Colombian state firm Ecopetrol owns 50 percent, and
Spanish-Argentine oil company Repsol the rest.
Output from the Cano Limon field in the eastern Colombian province of
Arauca -- a rebel stronghold -- accounts for less than 5 percent of
Occidental's total world production.
The pipeline is a favorite target of rebels waging a 37-year-old war
against the government and was crippled by bombs 98 times in 2000 even
though most of it is buried six feet (two meters) under ground.
Its operators have been forced to declare force majeure twice in recent

#2 Financial Times
Colombia strives to strike oil
By James Wilson in Cubara
Published: February 19 2001 18:34GMT

Far beneath the snow-capped peaks of the Cocuy mountains, half-concealed
groups of soldiers watch a helicopter as it flies into a narrow valley.

Dangling below the aircraft are more supplies for Occidental Petroleum,
which has been sinking an exploratory well here since November, moving
ever closer, it hopes, to one of Colombia's biggest oil finds. Also
observing, having passed an army checkpoint and climbed to the top of a
ridge overlooking the US company's drilling rig, are several members of
the U'wa.

This is the ancient territory of the U'wa, now numbering only
5,000-7,000 people and one of Colombia's 80 indigenous ethnic groups.
They have faced many intrusions, but as they contemplate Occidental's
search for the oil the U'wa know as ruiria, they feel a great threat to
their lifestyle and culture. "This is life or death for us. We want the
world to know what is happening in U'wa territory," says Shiwkara, a
community spokeswoman.

The U'wa case is emblematic of a David versus Goliath struggle between
indigenous groups, global energy needs and corporate power.
Violent clashes last year between the U'wa and the Colombian military
protecting the drill site left three children drowned after one of their
protests was forcibly broken up, the Uw'a say.

Both Occidental and the government think the U'wa case has become overly
influenced and manipulated by outsiders.

But throughout the troubles, Occidental has moved ahead with
exploration, sanctioned by the government in Bogotá. "We do not think we
are in a conflict here. We are a foreign investor fulfilling our
contractual obligations," a company spokesman said.

It says it is contributing a local health centre, schools and other
community projects. It also used to give grants to U'wa students until
it says these were rejected. Moreover, it thinks the U'wa have been
given one of their most important demands - the expansion of the
resguardo, reserved land from which non-indigenous people are excluded.

In 1979 and 1987 the U'wa were granted two separate reservations
totalling 69,000 hectares. In August 1999, the government agreed to
expand these areas into a 220,000 ha reserve solely for the U'wa.
Six weeks later, it granted Occidental its licence to drill its first
exploratory well, at a site 500m outside the expanded resguardo.
Despite their larger territory the U'wa have not been pacified. They
argue their lands will still be affected, their streams polluted and
their security compromised.

A stark lesson from Colombia is that oil attracts trouble from all
sides. Two armed rebel groups active in the country since the 1960s have
learned to exploit oil, either through extorting protection money or
blowing up installations.

Occidental knows these problems only too well. It built a pipeline
through this region in the 1980s to carry oil from its nearby Caño Limon
field. Last year the pipeline was blown up 98 times, and 79 times in
1999. Even so, Caño Limon has been "a good business", says the company.

Moreover, in a complex local power struggle, both the Farc and ELN rebel
groups have attacked the pipeline. The Farc has also targeted the U'wa
cause, killing three US citizens working with the U'wa in 1999.

The U'wa resent and fear being dragged into Colombia's military
conflict. Roberto Perez, president of the U'wa's tribal council, says:
"We have told the army and all armed groups to respect our territory."

Meanwhile, economic analysts say attacks already bleed the economy of
2-4 percentage points of growth annually. Even so, oil is Colombia's
biggest export, worth $4.6bn in 2000.

"I think, as a Colombian, that Colombia has to seek means of
development," says an Occidental employee. Ecopetrol, the state oil
company, says: "Forty million Colombians need these resources." The test
drill is expected to be completed by May. But the U'wa blame
Occidental's earlier Caño Limon development for environmental damage.
"Ten years ago you could pull fish out of this river with a bucket. This
year there has not been one little fish," says Rosario, one of four nuns
living at a mission built in the area in the 1920s.
A government official thinks it would be possible to safeguard the U'wa,
even if oil development goes ahead. But, the offical adds: "I would love
it if they didn't find a drop of oil. I would laugh the whole day.
Without oil, there is no problem."
# 3

Feb 15, 2001
Resource Center of the Americas
Oil Rigged
There. s something slippery about
the U.S. drug war in Colombia.
by Thad Dunning and Leslie Wirpsa

The public face of U.S. policy toward Colombia has long been the war on
drugs. Colombia, according to widely reported CIA estimates, produces 90
percent of the U.S. cocaine supply and 65 percent of U.S. heroin
imports. U.S. officials say the aim of Plan Colombia, a $1.3 billion aid
package signed by President Clinton last year, is fighting
. narco-guerrillas. and eradicating coca crops.

But that. s just part of the agenda. Plan Colombia is also about oil.
Colombia. s petroleum production today rivals Kuwait. s on the eve of the
Gulf War. The United States imports more oil from Colombia and its
neighbors Venezuela and Ecuador than from all Persian Gulf countries
combined. And, last June, Colombia announced its largest oil discovery
since the 1980s. The Colombian government and transnational oil
companies are eager to secure their exploration and production
activities with U.S. military might.

Some U.S. military officials harbor no illusions about their role in
Colombia. Stan Goff, a former U.S. Special Forces intelligence sergeant,
retired in 1996 from the unit that trains Colombian anti-narcotics
battalions. Plan Colombia. s purpose is . defending the operations of
Occidental, British Petroleum and Texas Petroleum and securing control
of future Colombian fields,. said Goff, quoted in October by the Bogotá
daily El Espectador. . The main interest of the United States is oil..

Colombia. s two major guerrilla groups condemn foreign control of the
nation. s petroleum even as they rely on the oil companies for ransoms
and extortion payments. The guerrillas face competition from rightist
death squads known as paramilitaries, many with documented links to
Bogotá. s army and some with alleged ties to the oil firms.
In recent months, the violence has begun to spread beyond the nation. s
borders. To the south, the Colombian war is further destabilizing
Ecuador, a country wracked for decades by political upheaval, including
a military coup during an indigenous revolt a year ago. To the north,
the war is heightening tensions in Venezuela, where populist President
Hugo Chávez has helped drive up world oil prices by reviving the
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).

Critics of U.S. policy in Colombia have likened it to past interventions
in Vietnam and El Salvador. But with world oil prices stuck at all-time
highs, with U.S. oil consumption expected to rise 25 percent over the
next two decades, and with Middle East producers increasingly
unreliable, another important comparison is the U.S. war against Iraq.

One question is whether U.S. military aid will help keep the Colombian
oil flowing. whether it will enhance or erode the security of oil
operations. More troubling questions surround the human cost of further
militarizing a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of Colombians
and displaced almost 2 million since 1985.

Colombia. s known oil reserves amount to 2.6 billion barrels, far fewer
than those of the world. s major oil powers. But only about 20 percent of
the country. s potential oil regions have been explored, due to the
violence. Desperate for more investment, President Andrés Pastrana. s
administration sweetened the terms a year ago, allowing foreign
companies more of the profit from Colombian oil operations. As a result,
the state. s Empresa Colombiana de Petroleos (Ecopetrol) awarded a record
13 new exploration and production contracts last year.

Colombia. s biggest foreign investor is BP Amoco, formed when British
Petroleum merged with Chicago-based Amoco in 1998. The London-based
giant controls Colombia. s largest oilfield, a 1.5-billion-barrel trove
called Cusiana-Cupiagua in the northeastern province of Casanare A
444-mile pipeline called Ocensa carries BP Amoco oil to the Caribbean
port of Coveñas for export.

Los Angeles. based Occidental Petroleum helps operate the nation. s
second-largest oilfield, Caño Limón, holding 1 billion barrels in
Arauca, a province just north of Casanare. Occidental pumps away its
share through a 485-mile duct to Coveñas.

The June announcement confirmed a deposit about 55 miles southwest of
Bogotá. An international consortium led by Canadian Occidental Petroleum
expects as much as 300 million barrels from the oilfield, called
Boquerón, making it the nation. s third-largest deposit.
Other major investors in Colombian oil have included Exxon, Shell and
Elf Aquitane. The transnationals have helped boost the nation. s oil
production almost 80 percent over the last decade. Most of the exports
have gone to the United States, putting Colombia among the top eight
U.S. oil suppliers.

Many of these companies have led the fight for U.S. military aid to
Colombia, the world. s third-largest recipient of U.S. security
assistance. In 1996, BP Amoco and Occidental joined Enron Corporation, a
Houston-based energy firm, and other corporations to form the
U.S.-Colombia Business Partnership. Since then, backed by hefty
oil-industry donations to political candidates, the partnership has
lobbied hard for increased aid. Lawrence P. Meriage, Occidental. s
public-affairs vice president, not only pushed for Plan Colombia last
year but urged a House subcommittee to extend military aid to the
nation. s north to . augment security for oil development operations..
The firms have allies in the U.S. national-security apparatus. In 1998,
Gen. Charles Wilhelm, then head of the U.S. Southern Command, told
Congress that oil discoveries had increased Colombia. s . strategic
importance.. Last April, Sen. Bob Graham (D-Florida) and former National
Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft warned in a Los Angeles Times editorial
that Colombia. s reserves would . remain untapped unless stability is

Petroleum companies say their presence in Colombia creates employment
alternatives for coca farmers, adds muscle to counterinsurgency efforts
and, ultimately, promotes peace and stability. In 1996, British
Petroleum, Occidental and Royal Dutch/Shell co-sponsored a full-page ad
about Colombia in the Houston Chronicle, touting . a powerful new weapon
. . . in the war against drugs.. The ad pictured the nozzle of a gas

Numerous studies suggest that transnational extraction of natural
resources from the Third World promotes not economic and political
stability, but violence and lawlessness. From Indonesia to Nigeria to
Colombia, mining and oil drilling have spurred the growth of rightist
militias, criminal gangs and leftist insurgencies. Political scientists
call this the . resource curse..

Since 1986, according to Colombian government sources, the country. s
guerrilla groups have bombed oil pipelines more than 1,000 times and
have kidnapped hundreds of oil-company executives and employees. Using
these operations as leverage, the guerrillas have generated roughly $140
million per year in ransoms and extortion payments. They also squeeze
. taxes. from local contractors working for the companies. In all, the
oil revenue rivals conservative estimates of guerrilla earnings from the
cocaine and heroin trades.

During construction of the Caño Limón pipeline in the 1980s, contractors
for the German company Mannesmann reportedly paid about $4 million to
the National Liberation Army (ELN) for the release of four kidnapped
engineers. Such payments enabled the ELN, verging on collapse, to
regroup and rearm. Today the ELN, with 7,000 members, is the nation. s
second largest guerrilla army. The 17,000-strong Revolutionary Armed
Forces of Colombia (FARC), the largest rebel group, has adopted similar
tactics, even consenting to oil drilling opposed by local indigenous

Guerrilla violence around the oil industry has intensified since July
13, when President Clinton signed Plan Colombia. Decrying . North
American intervention,. ELN guerrillas bombed the Caño Limón pipeline 23
times between July and September, forcing Occidental to declare force
majeure for 45 days. The pipeline was knocked out at least 97 times last
year, exceeding a record 79 outages from rebel attacks in 1999.
Recently, after a January 20 bombing west of Caño Limón, the duct was
closed for three days.

FARC rebels, meanwhile, bombed Ecopetrol. s southern pipeline 31 times in
September, forcing Ecuador. s state oil company, Petroecuador, which uses
the line to export 45,000 barrels a day, to suspend its obligations.

The paramilitaries, for their part, have moved into oil-rich provinces
such as Casanare and, along the southern border, Putumayo. In the
central city of Barrancabermeja home to the country. s largest oil
refinery, paramilitaries intensified a campaign of murdering civilians
in January. . Here we pump out all the energy we need,. said Lt. Col.
Hernán Moreno, head of the army. s New Granada Battalion in
Barrancabermeja, quoted in the New York Times. . The takeover of power is
thus of prime importance to these armed groups..

And paramilitaries target organizers such as Workers Trade Union leader
Alvaro Remolina, who has called attention to the labor practices of
Texaco and Occidental in Colombia. On January 11 last year, his nephew
was murdered near the city of Bucaramanga, while his brother and a
friend disappeared in the nearby town of Girón. He lost another brother
to assassins in 1996, and soldiers killed his sister-in-law in 1999.

One human rights report on oil and security in Colombia says
paramilitaries have received $2 million for protecting a Colombian
pipeline. El Espectador, the London daily Guardian and the BBC,
additionally, have documented paramilitary links to British Petroleum. A
top BP official admitted that a British security contractor for the oil
giant supplied night-vision goggles to an army brigade accused of
killing civilians and committing other abuses. The contractor also hired
former army commander Gen. Hernán Guzmán Rodríguez, a 1969 graduate of
the U.S. Army School of the Americas. In a 1992 report, the
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights linked Guzmán to a
paramilitary group responsible for 149 murders from 1987 to 1990.

Colombia. s official armed forces have their own stake in oil. Since
1992, a . war tax. of more than $1 per barrel on foreign oil corporations
has helped Bogotá devote a quarter of its army to defending oil
installations. And government forces often sell security services
directly to the companies. Occidental, which earmarks roughly 10 percent
of its in-country budget to security, has made direct payments to the

The oil violence weighs heaviest on local civilians. Disasters resulting
from pipeline attacks have killed people and wreaked environmental
destruction. In 1998, 73 people died after an ELN bombing of Ocensa, the
BP Amoco pipeline. The blast set ablaze the northwestern village of
Machuca, Antioquia.

Such violence has prompted communities to resist oil projects. The
7,000-member U. wa indigenous community in northeastern Colombia has
opposed attempts by Occidental and Ecopetrol to drill in its ancestral
land. Occidental is betting it could extract 1.4 billion barrels from
the area. Last February, when government security forces broke up an
indigenous roadblock against the project, three children drowned in a
river during the melee. In November, some 2,000 government agents
escorted Occidental rigs to drill an exploratory well in the land.

The project has brought violence from guerrillas too. In 1999, FARC
members kidnapped and murdered U.S. citizens Terence Freitas, Ingrid
Washinawatok and La. he Enae Gay, who were visiting to set up U. wa
education projects.

Despite the upheaval, oil remains Colombia. s largest export, with
earnings totaling $3.7 billion in 1999. Ecopetrol diverts most of this
profit to federal and local governments, but average Colombians see
little benefit. Officials face pressure from guerrillas and
paramilitaries alike to invest the payments in their favor. And many
officials simply steal or squander the money. Arauca, a boomtown about
25 miles from the Caño Limón oilfield, has received millions of dollars
annually in oil royalties but is ringed by shantytowns. In a
petroleum-rich central valley known as the Middle Magdalena, more than
70 percent of the 750,000 inhabitants live in poverty and nearly 40
percent are unemployed, double the official nationwide rate.

Petroleum is playing an important role as the war expands beyond
Colombia. Both the FARC and ELN have a growing presence in southern
Venezuela. Guerrillas there are using extortion and kidnapping to
generate revenue from ranchers and Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), the
government oil company, according to a January 24 Financial Times

Chávez, the Venezuelan president, says his government is not taking
sides in the Colombian conflict. Venezuelan military officials say the
guerrilla influx worries them less than a Plan Colombia provision to
equip Bogotá. s army with 60 Blackhawk helicopters. Under Chávez, who
took office in 1999, Venezuela has barred U.S. . counternarcotics.
flights over its airspace, calling them a violation of national
sovereignty. And some Venezuelan military equipment has found its way
into FARC hands.

Venezuelan oil weighs heavy in U.S. strategy for the region. The
third-largest U.S. oil supplier and the hemisphere. s sole OPEC member,
Venezuela has 77 billion barrels in proven reserves. the most of any
country outside the Middle East. The Chávez government convinced OPEC
members to cut production, a move that has lifted oil prices to more
than $30 a barrel, their highest level in a decade.
Chávez. s nationalist leanings and his pledges to prevent PDVSA. s
privatization have fueled worries among some U.S. policymakers about
U.S. reliance on the Venezuelan crude. In August, adding to these
worries, Chávez became the world. s first democratically elected head of
state since the Gulf War to visit Saddam Hussein, the leader of fellow
OPEC member Iraq. And, in October, Chávez agreed to provide Cuba with
inexpensive oil.

In other countries, the spillover violence from Colombia has begun to
menace petroleum production. Just across the San Miguel River from
Putumayo, the Colombian province, conflict pervades the town of Lago
Agrio the Ecuadoran oil hub. The area has long been a site of rest and
relaxation for FARC guerrillas. But the mood has changed since
U.S.-backed counterinsurgency and coca eradication caused a larger
influx of farmers, other displaced Colombians, guerrillas and
paramilitaries. Local police say violence in December killed 20 people,
including 15 who perished in clashes between Colombian guerrillas and
paramilitaries and five in a bombing of Ecuador. s only oil pipeline.
(The duct carries crude to a Pacific port for export. Occidental is part
of an international consortium vying to build a second Ecuadoran
pipeline, a $750 million project.)

Such turmoil has led to militarization, threatening to turn Colombia. s
oil violence into a regional scourge. Brazil, Peru and Ecuador all host
oil drilling near Colombia, and all are responding to guerrilla and
paramilitary incursions by sending in military personnel and equipment.

Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, the former U.N. secretary general serving as
Peru. s interim prime minister, said in January that he supported Plan
Colombia, marking a reversal from the policy of former President Alberto
Fujimori, who resigned in November. . We are guarding our borders for
possible infiltration, not only from Colombia but from Ecuador,. said
Pérez de Cuéllar, quoted by Reuters in January. . The violence is

Ecuadoran President Gustavo Noboa, who took office after a January 2000
military coup, has strengthened border security and threatened to
declare a state of emergency there. His foreign minister, Heinz Moeller,
has asked the United States for $160 million to supplement the $20
million for Ecuador under Plan Colombia. Moeller said he expects to
receive the aid because Washington, which already bases its Andean
military operations in the Ecuadoran coastal town of Manta, wants to
protect U.S. . investments. in Colombia. Moeller said the increased aid
was necessary to protect an . economic buffer zone. between his country
and Colombia, adding that the protection will require helicopters,
speedboats and reconnaissance equipment.
Goff, the former Special Forces sergeant, says U.S. military operations
in the Andes go beyond their stated purpose of fighting drugs. . We never
mentioned the words coca or narco-trafficker in our training,. he said.
. The objective of our operations was not the Colombians but the
Americans who pay taxes for the investment made in Colombia. The
objective continues to be oil. Look where American forces are. Iraq, the
Caspian Sea, Colombia. places where we expect to find petroleum

Oil will remain a U.S. military priority under President George W. Bush
if his campaign donors and cabinet appointees have any influence. The
top source of cash for his presidential and Texas gubernatorial bids was
Enron and its employees, including CEO Kenneth L. Lay, according to the
Center for Public Integrity. Enron, one of the companies that led
lobbying for Plan Colombia, owns Centragas, a 357-mile natural gas
distribution system in northern Colombia.
The cabinet includes Vice President Dick Cheney, former CEO of
Halliburton Company, a Dallas-based oil services leader; Commerce
Secretary Don Evans, former chairman of the Denver-based oil firm Tom
Brown, Inc.; and National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice, a former
board member of San Francisco. based Chevron Corporation.
Bush appointed John Maisto as National Security Council adviser for
inter-American affairs, his top adviser on the region. Maisto was
ambassador to Nicaragua during the U.S.-backed guerrilla war against the
Sandinista government and chargé d. affaires in Panama during the 1989
U.S. invasion that ousted Gen. Manuel Noriega. Under Clinton, he was
ambassador to Venezuela and, later, an adviser to the U.S. military' s
Southern Command.

Bush' s roster and the widening violence even before Plan Colombia hits
stride are portents of what the United States holds in store for the

from Natural Resources Defense Council March 1, 2001

Natural Resources Defense Council's

EARTH ACTION: The Bulletin for Environmental Activists

March 1, 2001

Please do not reply to this message; see the instructions
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or comments.


1) alerts

a) ARCTIC NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE: Tell your senators that
drilling the Arctic Refuge is NOT an acceptable energy

intimidation of environmental activists in Belize

c) WATER POLLUTION: Tell the EPA raw sewage discharges must

2) Status of Previous alerts

3) About Our Bulletins/How to Subscribe & Unsubscribe

4) About NRDC/How to Contact Us

You will also find these alerts in NRDC'S Earth Action
Center (http://www.nrdc.org/action), which includes tools
for taking action easily online.


1) alerts

Tell your senators that drilling the Arctic Refuge is NOT an
acceptable energy policy

On February 26, Senate Energy and Natural Resources
Committee Chairman Frank Murkowski (R-Alaska) introduced S.
389, his energy policy legislation. Although Sen. Murkowski
claims his bill is a response to both California's current
energy problems and the nation's long-term energy needs, in
reality the bill would do little or nothing to improve our
energy security or decrease energy costs, but *would* have
lasting, damaging effects on the environment.

Specifically, Sen. Murkowski's bill would increase air and
global warming pollution by weakening standards for power
plants and encouraging dependence on fossil fuels such as
oil and coal that produce the most carbon dioxide, while
driving up demand for gasoline by failing to upgrade fuel
economy standards.

Perhaps most disturbingly -- and reason enough to defeat
this bill -- S. 389 would open the Arctic National Wildlife
Refuge to oil drilling, imperiling one of our country's most
magnificent wilderness areas even though the government
estimates that the oil there would provide less than 180
days worth of domestic supply and take at least 10 years to

== What to do ==
Contact your senators and urge them to oppose Sen.
Murkowski's energy bill.

== Contact information ==
You can email or fax your senators directly from NRDC's
Earth Action Center at http://www.nrdc.org/action. Feel free
to include your own reasons why we should not risk
destroying or degrading our nation's most special places for
an energy policy that will do nothing to reduce our energy
costs or dependence. If you prefer to call your senators,
the Capitol Switchboard number is (202) 224-3121.

== For background ==
A Responsible Energy Policy for the 21st Century


Protest government intimidation of environmental activists
in Belize

Many of you are aware of NRDC's ongoing campaign to stop
Fortis Inc.'s proposed dam project in Belize's Macal River
Valley. You may have already sent protest letters to Fortis,
urging the company to cancel its plans for the dam, which
would flood and destroy crucial habitat for endangered
jaguars and scarlet macaws. But now a new wrinkle has

In early February, environmental science teacher Kimo Jolly
was fired from his position at Sacred Heart Junior College
in Belize for speaking out in opposition to the dam project.
Mr. Jolly's dismissal follows a pattern of intimidation of
environmentalists in Belize, who have been called "enemies
of the state" in the ruling political party's newspaper. The
popular teacher has received widespread support in Belize,
and is preparing to mount a legal defense, but the Belizean
government needs to hear that the rest of the world is
watching, too.

== What to do ==
Write to Belize's ambassador to the United States to protest
the suppression of environmental debate in Belize and insist
that Kimo Jolly be reinstated to his teaching position.

== Contact information ==
You can email the Belizean ambassador directly from NRDC's
Earth Action Center at http://www.nrdc.org/action (where you
can also send a message to Fortis if you haven't already).
Or use the contact information and sample letter below to
send your own message, and please include your own reasons
why the government's intimidation of environmental activists
must stop.

Ambassador Lisa Shoman
Embassy of Belize
2535 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20008
Phone:  202-332-9636 x228
Fax:  202-332-6888
Email:  belize@oas.org

== Sample letter ==

Subject:  Reinstate Kimo Jolly to his teaching post

Dear Ambassador Shoman,

I am writing to express my deep concern over the recent
firing of Kimo Jolly from his position as environmental
science teacher at Sacred Heart Junior College in San
Ignacio, Belize. Mr. Jolly's dismissal, which may have
resulted from government intervention, is completely
unjustified and is a direct result of his speaking out on
the proposed Chalillo dam in the Macal River Valley and
other environmental issues.

Although the right to free speech is guaranteed in the
Belizean constitution, in Article 19 of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, and in the U.N. Convention on
Civil and Political Rights (to which Belize is a party), Mr.
Jolly's removal from his position seems to fit a pattern of
human rights abuses in Belize. Earlier this year, editorials
in your governing-party newspaper attacked Belizeans who
speak out for the environment as "enemies of the State" and

Suppressing the views of environmentalists is simply
inconsistent with Belize's strong record of environmental
stewardship, which is drawing worldwide acclaim and is a
major factor in the success of Belize's tourism industry. I
urge your government to clearly reassert the right of all
Belizeans to freedom of opinion and expression -- without
fear of recrimination. I also encourage your government to
ask Sacred Heart Junior College to reinstate Mr. Jolly as
soon as possible.


[Your name and address]


Tell the EPA raw sewage discharges must stop

As we told you in a previous alert, on January 5th the
Clinton administration announced proposed regulations that
would control and prevent sewer overflows and would require
that the public be informed of potential health threats when
overflows occur. The proposed rules, however, were not
printed in the Federal Register prior to the end of
President Clinton's term, and Bush administration officials
have issued an order putting an indefinite hold on any
regulations that were not printed by the time they took
office, preventing the proposed sewer overflow regulations
from taking effect.

Sewer overflows dump raw and inadequately treated sewage
into basements, streets, and waterways, contaminating
beaches, lakes, and streams and jeopardizing public health.
Pathogens in sewage-contaminated waters can cause
gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses, dysentery, and
hepatitis. The consequences of contact with sewage-infested
waters are even greater for children, the elderly, and those
with weakened immune systems.  

== What to do ==
Send a message to Christie Whitman, the new administrator of
the Environmental Protection Agency -- and the person who is
now reviewing the proposed rules under a directive from the
White House -- telling her to release the rules now.

== Contact information ==
You can email EPA administrator Whitman directly from NRDC's
Earth Action Center at http://www.nrdc.org/action. Or use
the contact information and sample letter below to send your
own message.

Administrator Christie Whitman
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
1200 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20460
Phone:  202-564-4700
Fax:  202-501-1450
Email:  whitman.christine@epamail.epa.gov

== Sample letter ==

Dear Administrator Whitman,

I urge you to release the proposed regulations for
controlling sewer overflows announced by the EPA earlier
this year. Your agency has no reason to further delay these
proposed regulations, which, if finalized, would protect
public health and safety by keeping bacteria-laden raw
sewage discharges out of our basements, streets, rivers,
lakes and beach waters. Please act immediately to ban sewer
overflows, make public reporting and notification mandatory,
and require sewage systems to have adequate capacity and be
properly maintained.

Almost thirty years of inaction is long enough. Release
these regulations and get the raw sewage out of our
communities and waterways now.


[Your name and address]


2) Status of Previous alerts

In our last alert, we asked you to contact White House chief
of staff Andy Card on "Call the White House Day" -- February
15th -- and urge the Bush administration to implement,
rather than challenge or change, new rules issued by the EPA
in the final days of the Clinton administration that will
reduce diesel truck and bus emissions by more than 90
percent. Your response was phenomenal (we received
unofficial reports that the huge number of calls overloaded
the White House phone system) and, clearly, the message came
through loud and clear: EPA administrator Christie Whitman
yesterday announced that the new administration will indeed
enforce these landmark rules. The regulations are scheduled
to take effect March 18; most emissions reductions must be
completed between 2006 and 2010. When fully in place, the
rules will prevent an estimated 8,300 premature deaths and
17,600 cases of bronchitis in children *every year.* THANK
YOU to everyone who helped achieve -- and defend -- this
historic public health protection.

REMINDER!! If you haven't already, be sure to check out
NRDC's new BioGems website at http://www.savebiogems.org.
Explore the beauty and grandeur of North and Central
America's critically endangered natural areas, take action,
and spread the word.

BioGems: Saving Endangered Wild Places
A project of the Natural Resources Defense Council

3) About Our Bulletins/How to Subscribe & Unsubscribe

NRDC distributes three bulletins by email. To subscribe to
any or all of them or to join our activist networks, go to
http://www.join.nrdcaction.org/subscribe.asp. If you already
subscribe and want to change your subscriptions or update
your email address or other information, go to
http://www.join.nrdcaction.org/profileeditor (or see the
unsubscribe information below).

EARTH ACTION is sent biweekly and calls out urgent
environmental issues requiring immediate action. To
unsubscribe from Earth Action, send an email message to
earthaction@nrdcaction.org with REMOVE in the subject line.

LEGISLATIVE WATCH is sent biweekly when Congress is in
session and tracks environmental bills moving through the
federal legislature. To unsubscribe from Legislative Watch,
send an email message to legwatch@nrdcaction.org with REMOVE
in the subject line.

bimonthly to members of NRDC's California Activist Network
and provides action tools to Californians and others
concerned with protecting the state's natural resources and
the health of its citizens. To unsubscribe, send an email
message to wildcalifornia@nrdcaction.org with REMOVE in the
subject line.


4) About NRDC

The Natural Resources Defense Council is a nonprofit
environmental organization with over 400,000 members
nationwide and a staff of scientists, attorneys and
environmental experts. Our mission is to protect the
planet's wildlife and wild places and ensure a safe and
healthy environment for all living things.

For more information about NRDC or how to become a member of
NRDC, please contact us at:

Natural Resources Defense Council
40 West 20th Street
New York, NY 10011
212-727-4511 (voice) / 212-727-1773 (fax)
General email: nrdcinfo@nrdc.org
Earth Action email: nrdcaction@nrdc.org

Also visit:
BioGems -- Saving Endangered Wild Places
A project of the Natural Resources Defense Council

from Coaltion to Protect Predators March 1, 2001

This information should be considered in the proposal to reclassify the
wolf in the great lakes ... with the risks asscociated with the Minnesota
Plan , and mange in both states ... we will want to keep an eye on this ...

La Crosse Tribune / Weds., Feb. 28, 2001     lacrossetribune.com OUTDOORS
Mange killing wolves in Wisconsin   By BOB LAMB La Crosse Tribune   Mange
has put a dent in Wisconsin's wolf population, but there's no reason to
panic just yet, says Adrian Wydeven, a mammalian ecologist with the
Department of Natural Resources.  Nine wolves have been found dead this
winter. Six of those wolves died >from  mange or mange-related causes.
"This isn't a major concern yet, but any time disease hits a wildlife
population, it is a concern," said Wydeven during a telephone interview
Monday from his Park Falls, Wis., office.  Mange is a highly contagious
disease that can cause losses in canine  populations. Mange is caused by
small mites that burrow into the skin cause  irritations that result in
hair loss, and lead to bare, crusty skin. The  disease is usually spread by
physical contact with living or dead animals  infected with the disease.
Wydeven, who is responsible for leading the state wolf management program,
said it appears that coyote populations in northern Wisconsin are also
affected by the disease.  "The wolves may have gotten the mange from
coyotes. They'll kill coyotes,  then roll them around or play with them.
It's a good way to get mange,"  Wydeven said.  Although mange has killed
six wolves, Wydeven said losses resulting from  mange are probably more
serious to the coyote and fox populations.  Wolves, once extinct in
Wisconsin in the late 1950's, began re-establishing  themselves in the
state in 1975.  Last fall's population was estimated at about 250. However,
Wydeven believes  the current mange outbreak will reduce this year's
population growth. Still,  he said there is no reason to push the panic
button.  "Wolves are doing fairly well in our state. We've been gaining
about 20  percent annually since 1985," Wydeven said. "If we wouldn't have
had a  problem this year, I would have anticipated an increase of about 50,
so we  would have been up to about 300."  A comprehensive evaluation of the
state's wolf population is currently  underway, but actual numbers won't be
known until April.  Wydeven said despite the mange outbreak, he expects the
growth in the wolf  population will slow down because of a loss of habitat.
Wolf packs set up  large territories. Younger animals then set up new
territories of their own.  "And as the population gets higher, disease
spreads more quickly, too," he  said. "But I am not concerned that this
will jeopardize the future viability  of wolves in the Wisconsin. Some
fluctuations in numbers due to disease or  other environmental factors is a
natural part of any wildlife population."  In addition to mange
contributing to the death of six wolves this winter, two  others were
killed by vehicle collisions. Surprisingly, one wolf drowned in  the
Tomahawk River. One of the wolves killed by a vehicle, and the one that
had drowned, appeared to have some mange on them as well. Five of the dead
animals found were part of the DNR's intensive radio-collar study.  Wolf
282F, a radio-collared animal, was found drown under 2 to 3 inches of  ice
and 4 to 5 inches of snow on the Tomahawk River in western Oneida County.
The female wolf also was missing some hair, but did not appear to have a
severe case of mange.  "That death was a strange one for us," Wydeven said.
"In the last 20 years,  we have collected 70-some wolves that have died in
Wisconsin or adjacent  Minnesota. This is the first one that I'm aware of
that has drowned."  Wydeven recalls only one other death that was equally
as strange.  "I had one wolf four or five years ago with mange outbreak,"
he said. "We  found that wolf dead inside a porcupine den. It had quills in
it from the tip  of its nose to the tip of its tail. It was covered with
quills."  Wydeven believes the wolf died from a combination of mange and
the porcupine  quills.  "It was probably so desperately cold, that it
crawled in the den when the  porky was there, or the porky crawled in after
the wolf had crawled in,"  Wydeven said.   Bob Lamb is the Tribune's
outdoors editor. He can be reached at 791-8228, or  e-mail to:
<mailto:blamb@lacrossetribune.com> blamb@lacrossetribune.com       NOTICE:
In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is
distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in
receiving this information for research and educational purposes.

from Adrian Miller March 1, 2001

Please visit this website for more information http://members.fortunecity.com/froguptree/

I am writing to inform you that bushland and National Park areas are
being cleared in paths up to 15meters wide in a area that has many rare
species of trees plants and other animals.

This is only approximately 100 kilometers south of Sydney on the M5
freeway a a 10minute drive from the hilltop turnoff.

The Contractors to Transfield only have a permit to clear 5 meters wide
but are taking great delight in knocking down and running over plants an

There are streamings being filled with silt and dirt, streams being
diverted, a small swamp with 4 species of frogs one a minature frog has
disappeared as have the frogs.

Is there anything you can do about this, the locals have tried with
little success at all, as the national media have not picked up on the
stories in the local paper.

Residents are feeling threatened and scared and many of them are elderly

They have contacted the people listed below with little success.

Can you help them?
The local memeber of State Government:
Office for Mrs.Peta Seaton (Shadow Minister for the Environment)
24 Wingecarribee Street
BOWRAL, 2576
Phone No. (02) 48 61 3623
Fax No. (02) 48 61 3546
email: peta.seaton@parliament.nsw.gov.au

Wingecarribee Shire Council
ABN 49546344354
PO Box 141
Civic Centre, Elizabeth Street
Moss Vale NSW 2577 Australia
Phone: +61 (02) 4868 0888
Fax: +61 (02) 4869 1203
DX 4961, Bowral NSW
URL: www.wsc.nsw.gov.au
Email: wscmail@wsc.nsw.gov.au

(elected as Mayor 12/09/00):
Clr P Yeo (Philip . Phil)
7 Holly Street
Phone: 02-4861 2832 Home
Mobile: 0409 949046
Fax: 02-4861 7639 Home

(elected 12/09/00)
Clr S H Murray (Sara)
39 Oxley Drive
Phone: 02-4871 1254 Home
Mobile: 0417 431894
Fax: 02-4871 1465 Home

Clr H J Carter (Heather)
Postal Address:
C/- 14 Bowral Road
Phone: 02-4871 1170 Work
Mobile: 0408 978488
Phone: 02-4861 6839 Home
Fax: 02-48616397 Home

Clr D J Fairall (David)
7 Nerrim Street
Phone: 02-4883 7192 Home
Mobile: 0427 946594
Fax: 02-4883 7326 Home

Clr T D Gair (Duncan)
. Carioca Park.
Somerset Road
Phone: 02-4887 7290 Home
Phone: 02-4887 7315 Work
Mobile: 0409 039731
Fax: 02-4887 7249 Work

Clr G Lewis (Gordon)
68 Park Road
Phone: 02-4861 2459 Home
Mobile: 0409 127010
Fax: 02-4861 2758 Home

Clr R B Mandelson (Richard . Rick)
70 Railway Terrace
(PO Box 141 MITTAGONG NSW 2575)
Phone: 02-4872 1718 Home
Phone: 02-4871 1019 Work
Mobile: 0408 290 705
Fax: 02-4872 3789 Home

Clr P Reynolds (Peter)
43 Links Road
Phone: 02-4861 1214 Home
Mobile: 0409 156128
Fax: 02-4861 1405 Home

Clr J E Sherborne (John)
20 Macdonnell Street
Phone: 02-6282 0435 Home
Mobile: 0412 339786
Fax: 02-6232 4125 Home (from 9/2/01)

Clr P B Tuddenham (Paul)
1 Pine Street
Phone: 02-4868 1672 Home
Mobile: 0408 637071
Fax: 02-4868 1308 Home

Clr L A C Whipper (Larry)
4 Victor Road
Phone: 02-4885 1695 Home
Mobile: 0407 932922
Fax: 02-4885 1978 Home

Clr D J Wood (David)
"Cairnswood Park", Sproules Lane
Phone: 02-4887 1289 Home
Mobile: 0408 467881
Fax: 02-4887 1297 Home

The Local News Paper is: The Southern Highlands News / They have been
helping but need more letters

28 Wingecarribee Street
NSW 2576

Phone: 02 4862 2900
Fax: 02 4861 6905
Newspaper email: web.news@ruralpress.com
Site email: web.news@ruralpress.com

The local 2WKT Higland FM Radio can be emailed on:

We also have 2ST who broadcast in the area their contact details,
cnr Bong Bong and Banyette Sts
Bowral 2576
Ph:  02 4862 2411
Fax: 02 4861 2421

This Lady May help

The Hon. Carmel Mary TEBBUTT, M.L.C. B.Ec.
Minister for Juvenile Justice
Minister Assisting the Premier on Youth
and Minister Assisting the Minister for the Environment
Australian Labor Party

Contact Details:
     Ministerial office:
     Level 31
     Governor Macquarie Tower
     1 Farrer place
     SYDNEY 2000

     Ministerial office Email: JJ@juvjus.minister.nsw.gov.au
     Ministerial office Phone: 9228 5360
     Ministerial office Fax: 9228 5366
     Contact address:
     Parliament House
     Macquarie Street
     Sydney NSW 2000
     Email: carmel.tebbutt@parliament.nsw.gov.au
     Phone: 9230 2111
     Fax: 9230 2993

The Hon. Richard Sanderson AMERY, M.P.
Member for Mount Druitt.
Minister for Agriculture
and Minister for Land and Water Conservation
Contact Details:
     Ministerial office Phone: (02) 9372 0123
     Ministerial office Fax: (02) 9372 0199
     Mount Druitt Electorate address:
     Suite 208,
     Westfield Shoppingtown,
     Carlisle Avenue,
     Mount Druitt NSW 2770.
     P.O. Box 57
     Mount Druitt NSW 2770.
     Email: Ministerial Email: ministers.office@agric.nsw.gov.au
Electorate Office Email:
     Phone: (02) 9625 6770
     Fax: (02) 9625 9965

The Hon. Morris IEMMA, M.P. B.Ec., LL.B.

Member for Lakemba
Minister for Public Works and Services(DPWS)
and Minister Assisting the Premier on
Contact Details:
     Ministerial office Phone: 9228 4299
     Ministerial office Fax: 9228 4277
     Lakemba Electorate address:
     242 Belmore Road
     Riverwood NSW 2210.
     Email: zkhan@parliament.nsw.gov.au
     Phone: (02) 9584 1788
     Fax: (02) 9584 1945
     PO Box: PO Box 1200
     Riverwood NSW 2210


from Environment News Service March 1, 2001


By Cat Lazaroff

WASHINGTON, DC, March 1, 2001 (ENS) - In the first sign that the new
Bush administration will not seek to overturn several major
environmental rules passed by the Clinton administration, the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency announced Wednesday it will move forward
on schedule with its rule to make heavy duty trucks and buses run

For full text and graphics, visit:



BERLIN, Germany, March 1, 2001 (ENS) - The Mediterranean's soaring
popularity among visitors could be its downfall unless a new form of
tourism is introduced, the World Wide Fund for Nature said today.

For full text and graphics visit:



By Neville Judd

VANCOUVER, Canada, March 1, 2001 (ENS) - New photos of logging on
British Columbia's coast prove that International Forest Products is
misleading the public, said Greenpeace, Wednesday.

For full text and graphics visit:


Corps' Mississippi Study Questioned Yet Again

Bipartisan Bills Would Protect Arctic Refuge as Wilderness

Conservation Groups Defend Alaska's National Forests

StarLink Corn Turns Up in Corn Seed

Pacific Heat Vent Could Diminish Greenhouse Warming

Plan Addresses Longline Fisheries' Impact on Seabirds

Illegal Oysters Send Seafood Sellers to Jail

Volunteers Needed to Guard Spawning Sturgeon

For full text and graphics, visit:

SEND NEWS STORY TIPS TO news@ens-news.com


Riparian Habitat and Floodplains Conference Set

     SACRAMENTO, CA, Mar. 1 -/E-Wire/-- The Riparian Habitat and
Floodplains Conference, sponsored by the California Department of Water
Resources and 16 other public and private agencies and organizations, is
scheduled March 12 through 15 at Sacramento's Radisson Hotel.

     /CONTACT: DWR PIO, Don Strickland, 916/657-4469 or Environmental
Compliance, Analysis & Planning Branch, Earle Cummings, 916/445-7974/

       /Web site: http://www.dwr.water.ca.gov/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/01Mar0103.html



Environ.com Named Environmental Compliance Expert for Leading Government
Procurement Web Site Fedmarket.com

     TEMPE, Ariz. and KETCHUM, Idaho, Mar. 1 -/E-Wire/-- Fedmarket.com,
a leading government contracting portal, appointed Environmental Support
Solutions (Environ.com) as its environmental compliance expert.

     /CONTACT: Robin Suzelis of Environ.com, 480-346-5524,
robin_suzelis@environ.com; or Eric Aaserud of Fedmarket.com,
208-726-5553 ext. 12, aaserud@wrtech.com/

        /Web site: http://www.environ.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/01Mar0102.html



South Carolina's Research Universities Host Conference on the Links
Between the Environment and Health

     COLUMBIA, S.C., Mar. 1 -/E-Wire/-- A two day conference entitled
"Dispelling the Fear & Discovering the Truth: Linking the Environment &
Health." Chemicals are contaminating our ground water, asbestos is
invading our lungs, and lead poisons our children while they play.
Environmental health hazards have gone from hidden files to widespread
public concerns.

     /CONTACT: Trish Jerman of Sustainable University Initiative,
803-777-7760, jerman@sc.edu, or Katy Ruth of Newman, Saylor & Gregory,
803-254-8158, or e-mail, kruth@nsandg.com for Sustainable University

        /Web site: http://www.sc.edu/sustainableu/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/01Mar0101.html


from Sierra Club March 1, 2001

SC-ACTION Vol.  III, #23,
February 28, 2001

Quote of the day:

Calling global warming "a real phenomenon," U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency chief Christie Whitman said Tuesday the administration is
considering limits on carbon dioxide emissions as part of a broader
anti-pollution strategy. --Dow Jones Newswires -- February 27, 2001


I.  A Huge Victory for the Clean Air Act
II.  Two Bills to Save the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Introduced in
III. Harris Poll: 59% Pessimistic About How Bush Will Handle The

I.   A Huge Victory for the Clean Air Act

On February 27, the Supreme Court handed down a huge victory for the Clean
Air Act. In a unanimous decision in Whitman vs. American Trucking
Association the Court affirmed that air pollution standards must be set to
protect public health with an adequate margin of safety and not based on
costs. The Court also upheld the constitutionality of the Clean Air Act's
standard-setting process. Both decisions are a huge success for public
health and the environment.

As part of updating the Clean Air Act to reflect current scientific
knowledge, President Clinton in 1997 announced new health-based air
standards for soot and smog. Soon after the new health-based air quality
standards were finalized in 1997, industry, led by the American Trucking
Association, filed a lawsuit against the EPA to halt these efforts to clean
the air. On May 14, 1999, the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled against the EPA,
leaving the fate of the new standards in limbo until the February 27th
Supreme Court ruling.

It is vital to show support for the Court's ruling and call upon the EPA to
move forward with the soot and smog standards. These standards will protect
an estimated 130 million Americans, including 35 million children suffering
from asthma and other respiratory related illnesses due to poor air
quality. Please send a letter to the editor (LTE) of your local paper and
show support for cleaning up our nation's air quality.

To find out more information visit
or email dirk.manskopf@sierraclub.org.
Also for a list and addresses of newspapers in your area visit

II.   Two Bills to Save the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Introduced in

At a rousing press conference in front of the US Capitol two bills to
protect the embattled coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge
from oil and gas development were introduced. The bills, introduced by
Senator Joseph Lieberman in the Senate and Representatives Ed Markey (D-MA)
and Nancy Johnson (R-CT) in the House would designate the 1.5 million acre
coastal plain of the Arctic Refuge as wilderness--our nation's highest
level of land protection.

The press conference featured a wide array of speakers from both parties.
Senators Joe Lieberman (D-CT), Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Paul Wellstone (D-MN),
Hillary Clinton (D-NY), John Corzine (D-NJ) and John Kerry (D-MA) all spoke
out in strong support for protecting the coastal plain of the Arctic
National Wildlife Refuge.

Minority Leader Dick Gephardt (D-MO) and Minority Whip David Bonior (D-MI)
were among the House members who were in attendance. Gephardt said
protecting to Arctic Refuge would be "the most important environmental
issue" facing America for the next two years. Reps. Moakley (D-MA), Johnson
(R-CT), Olver (D-MA), Maloney (D-NY), Blumenauer (D-OR), Hoeffel (D-PA),
Holt (D-NJ), Udall (D-CO) and Inslee (D-WA) all lent their voices to
supporting the legislation.

To see if your member of Congress has signed on as an original cosponsor
click here.

Ninety-five percent of Alaska's vast North Slope is open to oil and gas
exploration and leasing. The coastal plain represents the last five percent
that remains off-limits to development. According to the U.S. Geological
Survey, the mean estimate of oil that could be recovered from the Refuge
would amount to less than a six-month supply for America.  In addition, it
would take at least 10 years to do the exploration, construction, and
drilling necessary to get it to U.S. markets.

A recent Associated Press poll of one thousand adults found that 53 percent
of US voters oppose drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, while
only 33 percent support such a move.

III.  Harris Poll: 59% Pessimistic About How Bush Will Handle The

Optimistic About How Bush Will Handle The Following Issues?

                              Optimistic Pessimistic
Defense                                71%        29%
Crime                                  58         42
Education                              58         42
Taxes                                  52         48
Foreign policy                         50         50
Helping people with disabilities       50         50
Medicare                               48         52
Jobs                                   48         52
Social security                        48         52
The economy                            47         53
Drugs                                  47         53
Health care                            43         57
The environment                        41         59
Abortion                               41         59
Conducted 2/15-20/01, surveyed 2,573 adults; margin of error +/- 2%
(release, 2/27).

Sierra Club Legislative Hotline - 202-675-2394
Sierra Club National Headquarters - 415-977-5500
Sierra Club World Wide Web - http://www.sierraclub.org
Sierra Club Vote Watch Website - http://www.sierraclub.org/votewatch/
White House Comment Line - 202-456-1111
White House Fax Line - 202-456-2461
George W. Bush's  e-mail - president@whitehouse.gov
Dick Cheney's  e-mail - vice-president@whitehouse.gov
White House Address - 1600 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, DC 20500
US Capitol Switchboard - 202-224-3121
To contact your senators - http://www.senate.gov/contacting/index.cfm
To contact your representative - http://www.house.gov/writerep

from E/The Environmental Magazine March 1, 2001

Open Season
Trophy Hunters are Wiping out British Columbia's Grizzlies
By Paul Koberstein

Tourists jam Glendale Lodge in Knight Inlet, British Columbia, every fall to witness grizzlies feeding on pink salmon migrating upriver to spawn. They shoot the fearsome bears--with their cameras.

Are British Columbia. s grizzly bears being slaughtered by hunters, or managed sustainably? 
It depends on who you ask.
© Ian Mcallister / www.raincoast.org 

But a different sort of visitor also comes to the coastal temperate rainforest to shoot some griz. With a gun. Hundreds from Canada, the U.S. and Europe are paying upwards of $10,000 for the opportunity to join a hunt that begins every September 1. They hunt grizzlies for the trophy, never for the meat.

And now there's trouble. The grizzly, hunted to extinction throughout most of its range in North America, may be facing a similar fate here in British Columbia (B.C.). Disturbing new evidence suggests grizzlies are being systematically extinguished from the province. Last December, 68 professional biologists called for a hunting moratorium pending the completion of long term population studies throughout B.C.

"The B.C. government denies that sport hunting is killing off its coastal grizzly bear population, yet has never done a credible study of grizzly populations," says Chris Genovali of the Raincoast Conservation Society. The group, based in Sidney, B.C., is fighting to protect the vast Great Bear Rainforest, which stretches almost the entire length of the B.C. coast.

"As a professional biologist, ecotour operator and just being on this small globe of ours, I find it appalling that this is allowed to continue," says Richard Biel of Canadian Wilderness Ecotours. "The oldest bears being killed now are around four years old. These creatures live to be 20 to 25 years old." The government of British Columbia claims that's all nonsense. The official line is that the grizzly bear population is in no danger of extinction.

The government has the backing of a powerful hunting lobby, the B.C. Wildlife Federation. This group, which recently brought National Rifle Association President Charlton Heston to speak at its annual convention, insists on a right to hunt. As for the hunters, many of them are wealthy Americans eager to show friends back in the states their valor.

The government's grizzly policies are being challenged by conservation groups in Canada, the U.S. and Europe as the brutal slaughter of an endangered species for the benefit of a small but loud cadre of hunters. The policies are also being questioned from within. One government biologist, Dionys de Leeuw, warns that hunting is on pace to extinguish all grizzlies from British Columbia between 2020 and 2034. Extinction could come even quicker, he adds, unless the B.C. government heeds its own warnings about the devastating effects of ongoing timber harvests in grizzly habitat.

Last November, in a celebrated report entitled "Grizzly Overkill in British Columbia Bear Management," de Leeuw, a senior habitat protection biologist with the B.C. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, writes that the province has vastly overestimated the number of grizzlies still alive in B.C., and is allowing them to get shot at an unsustainable rate. "B.C. grizzly bears are declining," de Leeuw says. "Exacerbating that decline by continuing the grizzly bear hunt is biologically irresponsible."

Official figures put the number of grizzly bears in B.C. at about 14,000, but de Leeuw says overhunting may have reduced the population to as few as 3,000. Hunters kill an estimated 300 each year, with another 300 killed for public safety purposes and by poachers. Over a 33-year period from 1965 to 1997, he estimates more than 6,000 female bears were slaughtered, far in excess of the number the B.C. government considers sustainable.

"These results are discouraging at best," de Leeuw writes. "They clearly indicate that rather than controlling the total kill of grizzly bears to what may well be an arbitrarily conservative level, for 33 years the province has allowed the kill to exceed its own standard of sustainable mortality."

Compounding matters is the dubious nature of the B.C. Ministry of Environment's grizzly population estimates. From 1972 to 1979 the province estimated a population of 6,660 grizzly bears. But in 1990, the Ministry estimated that the province was home to 13,160 bears, using a "habitat suitability" model that assumes grizzlies occupy all suitable habitat. de Leeuw contends the model is so flawed that virtually all grizzly bears could be exterminated in B.C. by sport hunters, and the government would still allow hunting. 

Jim Yardley, director of the Environment Ministry's office in Smithers, a community on the Skeena River in north-central B.C., says that de Leeuw's views "do not reflect the views of the ministry, which believes it is managing grizzly bears appropriately and conservatively." de Leeuw was slapped with a gag order and an unpaid suspension when he attempted to circulate his findings among his ministry colleagues.

But even some hunters are getting the picture. Kolbjorn Eide, a former hunting guide in the Lower Skeena region, quit the business a few years ago because of declining bear numbers, and now supports a hunting moratorium. "In the last 30 years from 1970, I would say we have lost about 80 percent of our grizzly population in the Lower Skeena," Eide says. "The B.C. Ministry of Environment has never taken any interest in protecting grizzly bears, and they still don't. There is nothing to save them if they keep up their policies."

Numerous scientists interviewed for this article say de Leeuw's report has significant scientific merit. "It's pretty damning information," says Dr. Bryan Horejsi, a carnivore biologist in Calgary. "There are more than enough reasons to be suspicious about the government's numbers."

Environmentalists are fighting back. The Raincoast Conservation Society and the Environmental Investigations Agency (EIA), a nonprofit based in London, have organized a protest among tourism companies in Europe, Canada and the U.S. "We're jacking up pressure on the economic side," says Martin Powell, an EIA operative. "The tourism industry is deeply concerned because people have put off coming to B.C. It's only a matter of time when that trickle turns into a flood."

EIA has also launched an appeal with the United Nations, under the Convention on International Treaty in Endangered Species (CITES). The treaty bans the export and import of listed species, or their body parts. The U.S. and Canada are among the 152 nations that have signed the treaty.
"We want a ban on all exports of grizzly trophies," Powell says, "so foreign hunters won't be allowed to take their trophies out of the country with them, and so they won't go there to hunt in the first place."

from Environment News Service March 2, 2001

ENVIRONMENT NEWS SERVICE (ENS)      http://ens-news.com

               "We Cover the Earth For You"


MAPUTO, Mozambique, March 2, 2001 (ENS) - An international rescue effort
is under way in Mozambique where 52 people have died in floods that now
threaten thousands more.

For full text and graphics, visit:



By Cat Lazaroff

KANSAS CITY, Missouri, March 2, 2001 (ENS) - Smithfield Foods Inc., the
nation's largest hog producer, is responsible for polluting the air and
water in at least three states, charge a host of environmental lawsuits
filed this week. The suits come on the heels of new reports showing that
agricultural runoff damages ocean habitats, and that farmers eager to
combat runoff are thwarted by a lack of federal funds.

For full text and graphics visit:



NAIROBI, Kenya, March 2, 2001 (ENS) - The United Nations is urging
governments to recognize the economic and competitive benefits of
switching to climate friendly economies. The call followed Wednesday's
announcement that climate change talks, which stalled last November in
The Hague, will resume in Bonn in July.

For full text and graphics visit:



ROME, Italy, March 2, 2001 (ENS) - Governments have agreed on a new plan
to fight illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing. Environmental
groups say the voluntary plan is weaker than they would have liked, but
a step in the right direction.

For full text and graphics visit:


Arsenic Water Standard Challenged by Wood Preservers

Lawsuit Threatens Giant Sequoia National Monument

Earthquakes Cost U.S. Billions in Damages

Illinois Dairy Farm Illegally Dumps Wastes

Texas Droughts Extreme for Past 15 Years

Mechanical Failure Kills Endangered Colorado River Fish

Former EPA Chief Carol Browner Joins Aspen Institute

Students Rally for Arctic Wildlife Refuge

For full text and graphics, visit:

SEND NEWS STORY TIPS TO news@ens-news.com


The Nature Conservancy Recognizes International Paper for Wetlands

     SPRINGHILL, LA, Mar. 2 -/E-Wire/-- The Louisiana chapter of The
Nature Conservancy has presented International Paper with its Corporate
Council for Conservation Leadership Award. The award recognizes IP's
Springhill Habitat Area Restoration Demonstration Project (SHARD),
through which the company transformed the wastewater site at its former
Springhill, La., Paper Mill into wetlands.

     /CONTACT: Gary O'Rielly, Regional Public Affairs Manager,
225-383-9681, or Jenifer Christman, Communications Manager,
901-763-6963, both of International Paper/

/Web site: http://www.internationalpaper.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/02Mar0105.html



Mayor of Panama City, Panama, to Address Environmental and Conservation

     FORT WORTH, TX, Mar. 2 -/E-Wire/-- Botanical Research Institute of
Texas (BRIT) to Present International Award of Excellence to the
Honorable Juan Carlos Navarro, Mayor of Panama City, capital of the
Republic of Panama, on Wednesday, March 7, 2001, in Fort Worth, Texas,
for his accomplishments in conservation.

     /CONTACT: Bill Lawrence of Lawrence & Associates, 817-923-3100, for
Botanical Research Institute of Texas/

/Web sites: http://www.ancon.org

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/02Mar0104.html



NJBPU Approves New Programs and Funding for Customer Energy Savings and
Renewable Energy

     WASHINGTON, DC, Mar. 2 -/E-Wire/-- The American Wind Energy
Association (AWEA) and a number of renewable energy companies and
environmental groups applauded a March 1 decision by the New Jersey
Board of Public Utilities (BPU) approving programs that will help
customers reduce energy use and develop renewable energy sources such as
wind and solar energy systems.

Utility Contacts:
Conectiv Power Delivery, Matt Likovich, 410-860-6366,
Elizabethtown Gas, George Koodray, 908-781-0500 X 4613,
GPU Energy, Ron Morano, 973-401-8097,
New Jersey Natural Gas, Roseanne Koberle, 732-938-1112,
Orange & Rockland, Michael Donovan, 845-577-2430,
PSE&G, Kathleen T. Ellis, 973-430-6618,
South Jersey Gas, Joanne Brigandi, 609-561-9000 X4240;

Contacts for the non-utility parties:
American Wind Energy Association, David Wooley, 518-438-9907 x238,
Randy Swisher, 202-383-2500,
BP Solarex, Todd Foley,410-981-0253,
Eastern Heating, & Cooling Council,Harry Roth, 1-800-247-6547,
Environmental Defense,Natalie Patasaw, 212-505-0606 x1151,
Honeywell, Dave Holland, 973-890-9500 X 3005,
Natural Resources Defense Council, Dale Bryk, 212-727-4480,
Renewable Ventures, Mike Walker, 919-469-3737/

/Web sites: http://www.bpu.state.nj.us

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/02Mar0103.html



Pacific Sands Gives Operations and Marketing Update; Looks Forward

     CLOVIS, CA, Mar. 2 -/E-Wire/-- Pacific Sands (OTCBB: PFSD) is
pleased to give several updates on its operations and marketing efforts
for the Eco One line of environmentally friendly products from the month
of February.

     /CONTACT: Investor Relations: Mick Wynhoff, 262-634-5774,

/Web site: http://www.pacificsandsinc.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/02Mar0102.html



Incredibly Clean, Futuristic Honda Fuel Cell Vehicle Serves as Official
L.A. Marathon Pace Car

Vehicle Is Fueled By Hydrogen, Exhaust Is Water

     TORRANCE, CA, Mar. 2 -/E-Wire/-- Honda's FCX-V3 fuel cell vehicle,
the latest in a long line of Honda's environmentally friendly vehicles,
will serve as an official pace car for the 26.2-mile, March 4 L.A.
Marathon. The pace car, complete with L.A. Marathon logos, will lead the
estimated 23,000 Marathon runners.

     /CONTACT: Mindy Gormley for Fuel Cell, 310-781-4261, or Matt Klink
for LA Marathon, 310-283-6267, both of American Honda Motor Co., Inc./
/Company News On-Call: http://www.prnewswire.com/comp/372013.html or
fax, 800-758-5804, ext. 372013/

/Web site: http://www.honda.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/02Mar0101.html


from EarthNet News March 4, 2001

EarthNet News
...a project of the Center for Environmental Citizenship

March 1, 2001  
This week, the fight over the Arctic Refuge begins and GE refuses to clean up their mess in New York.  Also, plan now to take the Graduation Pledge and attend the Environmental Journalism Academy!

--Amy Lesser, EarthNet editor
1.  Shadow Congress: Let the Games Begin!
2.  Quote of the Week
3.  Corporate Corner: GE's Toxic Legacy
4.  Glimmer of Hope: The Court Backs Clean Air
5.  Eco-Campus: Graduation Pledge
6.  Environmental Journalism Academy
7.  Letters to the Editor: A "meaty" argument
8.  Jobs, Conferences and Gatherings
9.  Activist Phone Book & EarthNet News Info

Three bills were introduced this week that would either protect or drill in the Artic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR).  Drillling for oil in the ANWR is one of "Big Oil" Bush's priorities, and environmentalists are gearing up for all-out war.  Although the amount of oil under ANWR would only support the U.S. for six months (and take 5 years to reach), the Bush administration is claiming that our current and future energy woes will be solved by drilling.  

Two of the new bills would designate the 1.5 million acre coastal plain of the Arctic Refuge as "wilderness," which would prevent drilling in the region.  The bills are sponsored by Sen. Lieberman (D-CT) and Reps. Markey (D-MA) and Johnson (R-CT).  The third bill, sponsored by Sen. Murkowski (R-AK), would permit drilling in the ANWR and allow the Energy Secretary to determine if any upcoming federal actions would have a "significant adverse effect" on domestic energy, which would significantly delay new land protections, air quality standards, and mining regulations.  

TAKE ACTION NOW:  Write your politicians from the EarthNet Action Center at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet and demand that the ANWR be protected. Destroying a national treasure is not worth six months of oil!

FOR MORE INFO: http://www.nrdc.org/air/energy/rep/repinx.asp; http://arctic.fws.gov/issues1.html

UPDATE: Last week, the Bush administration came out in favor of the Brownfields Restoration Act highlighted in the Feb. 22 issue.  The bill is virtually guaranteed to pass now, but keep those letters coming!

"Unfortunately, our affluent society has also been an effluent society."

-- Hubert H. Humphrey, Democratic politician, vice president, speech on 10/11/66 at Gannon College, Erie, PA

General Electric (GE) is responsible for dumping more than a million tons of toxic PCBs into the Hudson River in New York, which destroyed 200 miles of river and created the largest Superfund site in the country.  A debate is currently raging over the best solution for this environmental disaster. Many enviros, backed by the Sierra Club and various Hudson River groups, are urging the EPA to hold GE accountable to pay for the clean up.  But the company insists that such dredging efforts will actually make the problem worse by stirring up contaminants that are currently inert.  Instead of tackling the problem, GE is spending millions of dollars in a public relations campaign to avoid their responsibility.  And, while they're arguing, the water is poisoning fish, wildlife, and people.

TAKE ACTION NOW:  Tell the EPA you want GE to clean up their mess and pay for the devastation they wrought by emailing hudsoncomment.region2@epa.gov.  The comment period ends April 17th.  

FOR MORE INFO:  http://www.hudsonwatch.net; http://www.sierraclub/toxics/action/Hudson.asp

This week, the Supreme Court upheld the Environmental Protection Agency's right to set air pollution standards based on public health reasons rather than cost.  This is a huge victory for the environment and the 130 million Americans who deal every day with smog and soot.  Clinton announced the new air quality regulations in 1997, but lawsuits led by the American Trucking Association have held up the new standards in the courts until now.  

The Graduation Pledge Alliance is hoping that the term "GPA" may soon have two meanings in campus culture. The first GPA describes how well you did before graduation, and the second predicts what good you'll do after. The Pledge asks graduating students to "take into account the social and environmental consequences of any job...and try to improve [problems]." Recent "pledgers" have promoted recycling at work, removed racist language from a training manual, and even helped convince an employer to refuse a chemical weapons contract!

Start planning now to organize the Pledge on your campus. Contact Neil at NJWollman@manchester.edu for information. Or visit their website at http://www.manchester.edu/academic/programs/departments/Peace_Studies/files/gpa.htm.

Calling all student journalists!  Gain hands-on experience as you collaborate with top professionals from print, radio and the Web to produce stories that explore environmental issues.  Network with fellow college reporters, editors and photographers from across the nation and discover how social justice relates to urban environmental issues and public health concerns during the Community Environmental Tour.  

The 2001 Environmental Journalism Academy will be held at American University in Washington, DC from June 14-18.  $75 includes housing, food, and training.  Rolling admissions -- APPLY NOW at http://www.envirocitizen.org/news/eja/.  Pass the word along to your campus paper!

**Editor's Note: The Great American Meatout is on March 20.  Find out you can "kick the habit" at http://www.meatout.org.

There are many reasons to become a vegetarian or a vegan, including personal health, animal cruelty, environmental devastation, waste of precious resources, pollution,and global warming. 40% of America's beef is imported from land that once was home to vital rainforest life. 38% of the world's grain is used to feed livestock, enough to feed 400 millionpeople on a vegetarian diet. The world's oil reserves would last 260 years if humans ceased to eat meat. Livestock production uses over 50% of U.S. water. America's cattle industry creates 158 million tons of waste per year. It is the number one cause of water pollution.  I don't think we fully realize how much power we have as consumers, nor how much impact we have on our future and the world. I cannot understand how we can continue to engage in a diet we don't need that results in suffering and painful deaths to animals, destroys the land that supports our lives,and pollutes the air we breathe and the water we drink. Switching to a vegetarian diet is not difficult,and I have never felt better in my whole life. I have more energy andmore clarity of mind.  I'm doing better in college, and severe stomach problems I've had since a child completely vanished. I have done it not only for myself, but more importantly for my greater self which includes you and all life on Earth.Switching to a vegetarian diet or at least largely cutting back on meat eating is one of the easiest ways to take a stand for your future and that of future generations of people, animals, trees, Earth.   I beg only that we think deeply about the choices we are making, and make an effort act wisely.
-- Sage Sheldon, Oklahoma State University

Got something to say?  Send your letters to earthnet@envirocitizen.org.  We reserve the right to edit for length, clarity, and purpose.

These are a sampling of the over 180 environmental and activist jobs and internships listed at www.envirocitizen.org/enet/jobs/index.asp!

Citizens Campaign for the Environment is seeking Campaign Staff for summer and full-time positions in Buffalo, NY.  Find the job description at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/jobs/detail.asp?id=2384.

Washington Conservation Voters is seeking an Administrative Coordinator in Seattle, WA.  Find the job description at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/jobs/detail.asp?id=2380.

The Green Guerillas is seeking a Community Organizer in New York City.  Find the job description at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/jobs/detail.asp?id=2364.

The Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation is seeking a summer/fall Naturalist Intern in Sanibel, FL.  Find the internship description at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/jobs/detail.asp?id=2368.

All events listed at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/events/index.asp.

WHAT: Green Community Workshop
WHERE: Shepherdstown, WV
WHEN: March 15, 2001
FOR MORE INFO: http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/events/detail.asp?id=703

WHAT: Nurturing a Green Campus Training
WHERE: Emory University, Atlanta, GA
WHEN:  March 22-23, 2001
FOR MORE INFO: http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/events/detail.asp?id=712

WHAT: Cascadia Activism and Ecology Conference
WHERE: Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA
WHEN:  April 5, 2001
FOR MORE INFO: http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/events/detail.asp?id=710

U.S. Capitol Switchboard: 202.224.3121
White House Comment Line: 202.456.1111
EarthNet Action Center: http://congress.nw.dc.us/cec
White House Address: 1600 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, DC 20500
Senate Address: US Senate, Washington, DC 20510
House Address: US House of Representatives, Washington, DC 20515
**Look up e-mail addresses in a comprehensive congressional directory at
http://congress.nw.dc.us/cec/congdir.html or http://www.vote-smart.org/ce

Write your own short articles for submission to EarthNet. We are particularly interested in articles about student activism on your campus. The email accounts for EarthNet News are:
For general comments: mailto:earthnet@envirocitizen.org
For article submissions or ideas: mailto:submissions@envirocitizen.org
Submit Jobs/Internships/Volunteer listings at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/jobs/add.asp.
Submit Events at http://www.envirocitizen.org/enet/events/add.asp.

To subscribe to our listserv, EarthNet News, go to http://www.envirocitizen.org/subscribe.html, or send an email to mailto:earthnet-request@earthsystems.org with the subject subscribe. To unsubscribe, send an email to mailto:earthnet-request@earthsystems.org with the subject unsubscribe.

from Global Response March 5, 2001

Dear Members of Global Response's "Quick Response Network:"

GREAT NEWS TO CELEBRATE!!  Boise Cascade cancelled its Cascada Chile
project.  Cascada Chile would have been the world's largest chip mill,
doubling the rate of logging in Chile's southern temperate rainforests.
Global Response members helped launch a worldwide campaign against Cascada
Chile, with an international letter campaign in 1999 (see GR Action #2/99
"Save Ancient Temperate Rainforests - Chile" at

Thanks to all who wrote letters on this issue!

Here's a note we received from Defensores de los Bosques Chilenos
(Defenders of the Chilean Forests):

Boise Cascade project in Chile, Cascada Chile has finally been canceled.
Thanks to all of you who made this possible. This is a big success!!!
We'll try to send more details of the decission, although most of you know
what the authorities have said: environmentalists, EIA investment was too
high, the government didn't want the region to continue growing, etc, etc,
etc. The important thing is that this is true.

Here's a press release from Rainforest Action Network:

Boise Cascade Closes Mills, Cancels Major Project amidst Sweeping Changes
in the Wood Products Industry

Customers' Demand for Old Growth Forest Protection, Responsible Logging Is
Transforming the Marketplace

Boise, Idaho-Following on the heels of the recent announcement that it will
close its last mills in Idaho, this week Boise Cascade disclosed that the
company is also canceling its controversial Cascada Project in southern

Slated to be the world's largest chip mill and Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
facility, the Cascada Project was expected to double the rate of logging in
southern Chile's old growth forests, the second largest temperate
rainforest on the planet. Intense international pressure and legal action
in Chile to protect endangered native forests from Boise Cascade's proposed
mill had successfully delayed the project for years.

"We may be seeing the last gasps of a dying old growth logging industry,"
commented Michael Brune, Campaigns Director of the Rainforest Action
Network.  "Legal activists and environmental groups have been fighting for
protection of Chile's endangered forests for some time.  We'd like to
congratulate our allies in Chile including Geo Austral, Defensores del
Bosque Chileno, and Renace as well as dozens of organizations in the U.S.
including American Lands Alliance, Co-op America, Global Response,
Greenpeace, the National Forest Protection Alliance, Natural Resources
Defense Council, World Wildlife Fund, and many others."

Boise Cascade's recent moves come at a time when the company is feeling
pressure from a rapidly changing marketplace with consumers turning away
from old growth wood and towards sustainably harvested products. Top wood
users and retailers including important Boise Cascade customers such as
Kinko's, Lowe's and Home Depot have committed to eliminating the use of old
growth wood and give preference to alternatives. Nearly twenty-five percent
of the U.S. lumber market has pledged to transform its use of wood and
paper products. Many of these companies are Boise Cascade's largest

"Boise Cascade's decision to abandon this woodchipping project in Chile
reflects the market and environmental chaos created by these 'cut and run'
multinational timber dinosaurs," asserted Jake Kreilick of the National
Forest Protection Alliance. "It's time for Boise Cascade to face the music
and take notice of the powerful statement the marketplace is making in
favor of protection of our last remaining old growth forests and U.S.
public lands."

More than three-quarters of the world's old growth forests have already
been logged and degraded, much within the past three decades. In the United
States, less than five percent of our original forests remain.


Here's an article from Environmental News Service:

Boise Cascade Pulls Out of Chile

                           BOISE, Idaho, February 22, 2001 (ENS) - Forest
products company Boise Cascade has announced
cancellation of plans to build and operate an oriented strand board
manufacturing plant and deep water port in Puerto Montt, Chile.

                           Public interest environmental lawyers in Chile
and environmentalists in the United States are calling the decision

a victory for Chile's ancient forests.

                           The US$160 million Cascada Chile project had
been fought for years up through the various
Chilean courts by Fiscalia del Medio Ambiente (FIMA), a public interest
environmental law firm. They challenged the project on the grounds that it
would destroy native forests by turning them into wood chips for oriented
strand board (OSB).

                           Boise Cascade said the  company would have
purchased wood from several thousand forest  landowners in the region. It
had planned to market the oriented strand board in the United States.

                           FIMA estimates that more than 1,200 acres of
forests would be cut every year to supply the factories.

                           Chile is home to one-third of the world's
remaining temperate forests. Environmentalists
warn that as U.S. timber companies deplete North American  forests, they
are turning their attention to Chile.

                           Lawyers at FIMA have been calling on legal
assistance from E-LAW, an international network
of public interest environmental lawyers based in Eugene,  Oregon.

                           E-LAW points out that the environmental impact
assessment for the project only assessed the
impacts of the facilities themselves, ignoring the impacts on the  forests
that would supply the facilities.

                           When FIMAbrought a lawsuit to  challenge the
project, the trial court and Chile's Supreme Court  accepted the company's

argument  that Cascada did not have
to  assess the impacts of cutting local forests.

                             FIMA submitted a petition to the Canada-Chile
Commission for Environmental Cooperation in June, 2000 and by August, the
Commission  agreed to hear arguments. This commission was created by a
trade agreement between Canada and Chile. Its mission is to review citizen
complaints and determine if governments are complying with environmental laws.

                           FIMA believes that unrelenting pressure on
Cascada Chile influenced Boise Cascade's decision
to cancel the Puerto Montt project.

                           Boise Cascade said that an unfavorable supply
and demand outlook for oriented  strand board is
the reason for its decision to halt the Cascada Chile  development. "Given
the expectation of an additional 7.4 billion square feet of OSB capacity
planned industrywide in North America and severely depressed  product
prices at this time, our plans for the project have been cancelled."

GLOBAL RESPONSE is an international letter-writing network of environmental
activists.  In partnership with indigenous, environmentalist and peace and
justice organizations around the world, GLOBAL RESPONSE develops "Actions"
that describe specific, urgent threats to the environment; each "Action"
asks members to write personal letters to individuals in the corporations,
governments or international organizations that have the power and
responsibility to take corrective action.  GR also issues "Young
Environmentalists' Actions" and "Eco-Club Actions" designed to educate and
motivate elementary and high school students to practice earth stewardship.

P.O. Box 7490 Phone: 303/444-0306
Boulder CO, USA 80306-7490 Fax:   303/449-9794

To receive Global Response "Actions" and "Emergency Actions" by email:
Send a blank message to: globresmembers-subscribe@igc.topica.com

Visit our website at: http://www.globalresponse.org

from Environment News Service March 5, 2001

ENVIRONMENT NEWS SERVICE (ENS)      http://ens-news.com

               "We Cover the Earth For You"


WASHINGTON, DC, March 5, 2001 (ENS) - One in 10 women of childbearing
age in the United States are at risk of having newborns with
neurological problems due to in utero mercury exposure, according to a
government study released last week. Fetuses are exposed to mercury in
the womb primarily because of their mothers' consumption of contaminated

For full text and graphics, visit:



TRIESTE, Italy, March 5, 2001 (ENS) - Environment ministers from the
world's eight most powerful countries have reaffirmed their desire to
reach a global accord on implementing the Kyoto Protocol. This addition
to the United Nations climate change treaty governs the greenhouse gas
emissions of 39 industrialized nations.

For full text and graphics visit:



IQALUIT, Nunavut, Canada, March 2, 2001 (ENS) - An inland Arctic sea
whose mudflats, cliffs and rolling tundra banks are described as
unchanged since creation is a step closer to becoming Canada's newest
national park.

For full text and graphics visit:



GENEVA, Switzerland, March 5, 2001 (ENS) - Pharmaceutical giant
GlaxoSmithKline has signed agreements with two non-profit organizations
to develop a new treatment for malaria.

For full text and graphics visit:


Hawaiian Coral Smugglers Plead Guilty

Innovative Pollution Agreement Saves Company $825,000

Have DNA Lab, Will Travel

Airlines Reach Agreement on Texas Clean Air Plan

Using Nature to Manage Landscape Pests

The Wilderness Society Honors U.S Forest Service

Inland Aquarium Joins Marine Fish Conservation Network

Plant Grass on Spring Break

For full text and graphics, visit:

SEND NEWS STORY TIPS TO news@ens-news.com


Hunters Raise Millions for Wildlife

     CODY, Wyo., March 5 -/E-Wire/-- The wild sheep of North America
will continue to prosper because of dedicated hunter/conservationists
who raised nearly $4 million during the Foundation for North American
Wild Sheep's (FNAWS) 24th Annual Convention. Over $1.6 million, raised
through a special hunt tag auction, will be immediately used to fund
State and Provincial wild sheep and wildlife programs.

     /CONTACT: Paula Karres of Foundation for North American Wild Sheep,

     /Web site: http://www.fnaws.org/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0109.html



EarthAmerica Sells Operations in Pompano Beach, Florida

     DALLAS, TX, March 5 -/E-Wire/-- EarthAmerica, an EarthCare Company
(Nasdaq: ECCO), announced today that it has sold its operation based in
Pompano Beach, Florida. This operation currently generates approximately
$3.2 million in revenues. RGR Environmental Services, Inc., a private
company in Florida, has purchased this business for $1.0 million in
cash. EarthCare will use the proceeds to reduce debt outstanding under
its revolving credit agreement.

     /CONTACT: Bill Solomon, Vice President, Chief Financial Officer of
EarthCare Company, 972-858-6025/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0108.html



Delaware North Announces GreenPath; Environmental Conservation Program
Will Protect National and State Parks

     BUFFALO, N.Y., Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- In an effort to preserve the
national and state parks where it provides hospitality services,
Buffalo, N.Y.-based Delaware North Parks Services has announced
GreenPath, an environmental management program aimed at protecting the
natural resources of the parks. The company plans to use Yosemite
National Park, Sequoia National Park and Asilomar Conference Grounds in
California, as well as the Grand Canyon to launch GreenPath, eventually
bringing the program to all of its venues.

     /CONTACT: Karen Merkel-Liberatore of Delaware North Park Services,

     /Web site: http://www.delawarenorth.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0107.html



Health Care Without Harm: Maine Hospitals Set Pollution Prevention
Historic Agreement Will Phase Out Mercury and Reduce PVC Plastic

     AUGUSTA, ME, Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- Today, hospitals throughout the
state of Maine made history by entering into a pollution prevention
agreement that is the first in the nation to call for a reduction in the
use of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic medical supplies.

     /CONTACT: Mike Belliveau of Natural Resources Council of Maine,
207-622-3101 x 212, 207-631-5565 cell, Bill Ravanesi, 617-244-2891, or
Jackie Hunt Christensen, 612-870-3424, 612-387-3424, both of Health Care
Without Harm/

     /Web site: http://www.noharm.org/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0106.html



TopoZone Launches TopoFactory Mapping Service Revolutionizes Topographic
Data Acquisition

     NORTH CHELMSFORD, MA, Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- Maps a la carte, Inc.
today announced the release of TopoFactory,(TM) its new topographic map
download service. This online service revolutionizes the process of
acquiring topographic map data by combining the interactive mapping
features of TopoZone.com and the distribution capabilities of the Web.
TopoFactory lets users create custom seamless topographic maps using the
award-winning search tools and user interface of TopoZone.com
(www.topozone.com) and then download the maps directly to their desktop
for use in a wide variety of GIS, CAD and mapping applications.

      /CONTACT: William Everett, Maps a la carte, Inc., 978-251-4242,
bill@topozone.com OR Wendy Wolfson, The Communications Strategy Group
Inc., 617-628 9310, wendyw@comstratgrp.com/

     /Web site: http://www.topozone.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0105.html



New Food Service Alternative from Annually Renewable Resources Unveiled
for Use in Major Venues

     MINNETONKA, MN, Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- Marking a major milestone for
large sporting and entertainment venues, Cargill Dow LLC and Biocorp,
Inc. have joined forces to introduce a new, renewable resource-based
food service option that competes with traditional materials on a
performance and environmental basis.

     /CONTACT: Cargill Dow LLC, Mike O'Brien, 952/742-0523,
Michael_O'Brien@cargilldow.com or Biocorp Inc., Steve Mojo,
973/772-5007, smojo@biocorpusa.com/

     /Web siteS: http://www.cargilldow.com

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0104.html



Maptech - It's Real 3D - Just Like the Movies - Glasses and All
Terrain Navigator CD-ROMs Make USGS Topo Maps Come Alive Award-winning
-- Nationwide Coverage - 3,500 Topos for under $150

     ANDOVER, MA, Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- Maptech (Andover, MA) announces two
new Super 3D features to its award winning Terrain Navigator CD-ROMs.
Yes, glasses are included, but not required. One 3D feature is truly a
"Wow" experience. Wearing the glasses the topographic maps jump out at
you in true 3D movie-like fashion. The visual impact gives you a deeper
appreciation and understanding of the lay of the land. However, glasses
are not needed with the other vivid 3D options.

     /CONTACT: Martin Fox, PR Manager, MAPTECH, 888-433-8500 ext. 209 OR

     /Web site: http://www.maptech.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0103.html



BTI. s Announces 5th Annual Client Service A-Team List Drops to an All
Time Low 60% of the BTI A-Team Members Come from Small Environmental
Services Firms

     BOSTON, MA, Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- The BTI Consulting Group. s (Boston)
Fifth Annual Client Service A-Team mirrors the changes in customer
satisfaction. This year. s study found that only 12% of industrial
companies nominate an environmental professional for client service,
down from 20% five years ago. The study also shows that almost 60% of
this year. s A-Team are from environmental consulting firms with less
than $10 million in revenue.

     /CONTACT: Roanne Neuwirth, Phone (617) 439-0333 ,

     /Web site: http://www.bticonsulting.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0102.html



Land Rights Group Supports Bush Tax Plan

     WASHINGTON, DC, Mar. 5 -/E-Wire/-- The American Land Rights
Association (ALRA) announced its support today for President Bush's Tax
Relief Plan, in particular proposed repeal of the inheritance tax,
better known as the "death tax."

     /CONTACT: Mike Hardiman, 202-251-3473/

     /Web site: http://www.landrights.org/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/05Mar0101.html


from Natural Resources Defense Council March 5, 2001

Natural Resources Defense Council's


NRDC's California Activist Network was formed to mobilize
and provide action tools to Californians and others
concerned with protecting the state's extraordinary wealth
of natural treasures and the health of its citizens.

March 5, 2001

Please do not reply to this message.  See the instructions
below for how to unsubscribe or contact NRDC with questions
or comments.


1)  alerts

a)  Speak out to protect kids from harmful diesel school
b)  Hold Gov. Davis to his promise to "respect the
environment" while solving the energy crisis

2)  Status of Previous alerts

3)  About Our Bulletins/How to Subscribe & Unsubscribe

4)  About NRDC/How to Contact Us


1)  alerts

Speak out to protect kids from harmful diesel school buses

Last fall we contacted you about the South Coast Air Quality
Management District's proposal to ban future purchases of
diesel school buses. You may have sent messages urging
SCAQMD board members to adopt that proposal; the board,
however, delayed its decision until April 2001. In the
meantime, pro-diesel industry lobbyists have been hard at
work misleading board members and the public about the
dangers of diesel and the questionable merits of so-called
"green diesel" technology. Generously funded by big oil
companies, our opponents are out-spending us in their
efforts to persuade school districts and SCAQMD board
members that schools should continue to buy diesel buses for
their kids.  

Children are among those most susceptible to the health
effects of diesel exhaust, which include increased risk of
asthma attacks, lung cancer and premature death. NRDC and
the Coalition for Clean Air just released a study of air
quality inside school buses that found diesel exhaust levels
inside the buses were between 1-1/2 and 4 times the levels
outside or in front of the buses. And diesel exhaust levels
in buses were up to 46 times higher than those considered to
a significant cancer risk by the Environmental Protection

The report illustrates why we must make the switch to buses
powered by alternative fuels such as natural gas. Even new
"green diesel" buses still emit more than 50 percent more
nitrogen oxides (which reduce lung function growth among
children) than natural gas buses. And green diesel buses,
not yet certified for sale in California, have not been
proven to reduce toxic and other harmful emissions to the
same low levels achieved by alternative fuel buses.  

== What to do ==
Contact the members of the SCAQMD board and urge them to
adopt an "alternative fuel only" school bus rule.

== Contact information ==
You can email the SCAQMD board directly from NRDC's Earth
Action Center at http://www.nrdc.org/action. Or use the
contact information and sample letter below to send your own
message, and be sure to include your own reasons for wanting
to protect children from the harmful effects of diesel

Chairman William A. Burke, Ed.D. and members of the
Governing Board
Dr. Barry Wallerstein, D. Env., Executive Officer
South Coast Air Quality Management District
21865 E. Copley Drive
Diamond Bar, CA  91765
Fax:  909-396-3340
Email:  bwallerstein@aqmd.gov

== For background ==
No Breathing in the Aisles: Diesel Exhaust Inside School

== Sample letter ==

Re: Proposed Fleet Rule 1195 - Require the purchase of
alternative-fuel school buses only

Dear Chairman Burke, Dr. Wallerstein and members of the
SCAQMD board:

I urge you to adopt a school bus rule that requires the
purchase of only clean alternative fuel-powered buses. Only
a strong Proposed Rule 1195 -- which prohibits the purchase
of dirtier diesel buses -- will significantly reduce the
level of toxic air contaminants and other harmful pollutants
that our children are exposed to each day on their way to
and from school and while buses idle outside classrooms for
long periods of time.

Your agency has found that more than 70 percent of the
cancer risk from the air in the South Coast Air Basin comes
from diesel exhaust. While children are among those most at
risk from the hazards of diesel exhaust, school bus fleets
include some of the oldest and most polluting buses on
California's roads today.   

Proposed Rule 1195 should not allow cancer-causing diesel
vehicles -- even so-called "green diesel" -- to qualify for
purchase until these vehicles achieve the same low emissions
of nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and toxicity as
alternative-fuel buses. Also, because Proposed Rule 1195
requires public funding for school bus purchases, I urge you
to set aside new sources of funding to ensure that the
proposed rule will be truly effective at getting our kids
off of polluting diesel buses.

You've adopted an "alternative fuel only" transit bus rule
-- I urge you to afford the same protections for our
children with a fleet rule covering school bus purchases.
Once again, please adopt a rule which mandates the purchase
of *only* clean alternative-fuel school buses.  


[Your name and address]


Hold Gov. Davis to his promise to "respect the environment"
while solving the energy crisis

As Governor Davis, the state legislature and energy
suppliers continue to work together to solve the state's
ongoing energy problems, environmental groups are urging the
governor to resist suggestions by the Bush administration
and industry groups to relax air quality and public health
protections and instead honor his public commitment to
finding solutions that "maintain our respect for the

In February, the governor issued an executive order
increasing the state's generating capacity by boosting the
output of existing power plants and streamlining the
permitting and construction of new plants. The California
Energy Commission is also looking at how air quality
regulations may affect the siting and output of
electricity-generating projects. Environmentalists are
concerned that these developments could sacrifice air
quality and Californians' health if dirtier power sources
are allowed to operate in the state. Instead, they urge that
California invest heavily in energy efficiency and renewable
energy, which is the fastest, least expensive, cleanest way
to lighten the load on the energy grid while protecting the
environment and public health.

== What to do ==
Send a message to Governor Davis urging him to honor his
commitment to protect the environment as he works to solve
the state's energy problems.

== Contact information ==
You can email Governor Davis directly from NRDC's Earth
Action Center at http://www.nrdc.org/action. Or use the
contact information and sample letter below to send your own

Governor Gray Davis
State Capitol Building
Sacramento, CA 95814
Phone:  916-445-2841
Fax:  916-445-4633
Email:  graydavis@governor.ca.gov

== Sample letter ==

Subject: Protect California's environment while solving the
energy crisis

Dear Governor Davis,

I urge you to hold the line on maintaining California's
critical environmental protections for air, water and land
as you work to find sustainable solutions to the state's
energy crisis. While I was happy to read that you are
committed to "maintain our respect for the environment" in
developing workable solutions, I am concerned that your
February 8 executive orders raise significant doubts about
our ability to achieve these environmental objectives in the
near term.

Investing in energy efficiency and renewable energy is the
fastest, least expensive, and cleanest way to protect the
environment and public health while keeping the lights on in
California. Specifically, the state should:

-- Repower older, dirtier plants by replacing their
generators with newer, cleaner equipment.
-- Continue efforts to streamline, but not weaken,
California's environmental protections and processes.

-- Require and do not delay the installation of
state-of-the-art pollution emission controls at existing
power plants and refineries.

-- Ensure that state and local air quality agencies enforce
and do not weaken rules limiting the use of emergency diesel
generators to up to 200 hours per year and only during
actual power outages or at most during Stage 3 power

-- Sign SBX 5, which would add urgently needed near-term
funding for energy efficiency, renewable energy and
low-income energy services.

Again, please ensure that California's air, rivers, ocean,
bays and public health are not sacrificed during this
critical time.


[Your name and address]


2)  Status of Previous alerts

Many of you may remember one of the California Activist
Network's first -- and most important -- victories:  the
designation of the Giant Sequoia National Monument last
April, which declared 327,000 acres of the Sequoia National
Forest permanently off-limits to logging, mining and
off-road vehicles. In October 2000, logging companies and
other business groups filed a lawsuit in federal court
seeking to overturn the monument designation. On February
27, NRDC, along with a coalition of other environmental
groups, filed a motion asking the court to allow us to join
the government as parties to the suit. If the court agrees,
we will vigorously defend the monument. We'll be sure to
update you as to developments, so stay tuned.

In July 2000 we asked you to contact the U.S. Forest Service
urging the agency to adopt a management plan for the Sierra
Nevada National Forest that would protect remaining
old-growth forests and roadless areas. During the last weeks
of the Clinton administration the Forest Service released a
final plan that will protect remaining old-growth forests
plus virtually all medium and large trees (20 inches in
diameter or greater) throughout 11.5 million acres of the
Sierra's national forests. Thank you to everyone who
contacted the Forest Service in support of this plan. We
anticipate challenges to the plan on several fronts,
however, and will keep you posted should we need you to
contact Congress or the Bush administration about this in
the future.

The California Air Resources Board voted unanimously in
January to keep the state's 10-year-old ZEV mandate in
place, despite intense pressure from the auto industry to
weaken or kill the program. The board's decision requires
automakers to sell electric and other zero-emission vehicles
by 2003, but gives car companies additional options (such as
including hybrid electric and very low emission vehicles) to
meet their ZEV requirements. The decision triggers similar
rules in Massachusetts, New York and Vermont, which all have
adopted California's clean air laws. Thanks to all of you
who wrote to the board and to Governor Davis throughout
2000, urging them to reject industry pressure and continue
to clean up California's air with a strong ZEV law.

REMINDER!! If you haven't already, be sure to check out
NRDC's new BioGems website at http://www.savebiogems.org.
Explore the beauty and grandeur of North and Central
America's critically endangered natural areas, take action,
and spread the word.

BioGems: Saving Endangered Wild Places
A project of the Natural Resources Defense Council

3)  About Our Bulletins/How to Subscribe & Unsubscribe

NRDC distributes three bulletins by email. To subscribe to
any or all of them or to join our activist networks, go to
http://www.join.nrdcaction.org/subscribe.asp. If you already
subscribe and want to change your subscriptions or update
your email address or other information, go to
http://www.join.nrdcaction.org/profileeditor (or see the
unsubscribe information below).

bimonthly to members of NRDC's California Activist Network
and provides action tools to Californians and others
concerned with protecting the state's natural resources and
the health of its citizens. To unsubscribe from the
California Activist Network Action Alert, send an email
message to wildcalifornia@nrdcaction.org with REMOVE in the
subject line.

EARTH ACTION is sent biweekly and calls out urgent
environmental issues at the national level and from around
the country. To unsubscribe from Earth Action, send an email
message to earthaction@nrdcaction.org with REMOVE in the
subject line.

LEGISLATIVE WATCH is sent biweekly when Congress is in
session and tracks environmental bills moving through the
federal legislature. To unsubscribe from Legislative Watch,
send an email message to legwatch@nrdcaction.org with REMOVE
in the subject line.


4)  About NRDC/How to Contact Us

The Natural Resources Defense Council is a nonprofit
environmental organization with over 400,000 members
nationwide and a staff of scientists, attorneys and
environmental experts. Our mission is to protect the
planet's wildlife and wild places and ensure a safe and
healthy environment for all living things.

For more information about NRDC or how to become a member of
NRDC, please contact us at:

Natural Resources Defense Council
40 West 20th Street
New York, NY 10011
212-727-4511 (voice) / 212-727-1773 (fax)
General email: nrdcinfo@nrdc.org
California Activist Network email: wildcalifornia@nrdc.org

Also visit:
BioGems -- Saving Endangered Wild Places
A project of the Natural Resources Defense Council

from the Wilderness Society March 5, 2001

* Monday, March 5, 2001

Dear WildAlert Subscriber,

Two bills affecting the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge were introduced in
Congress last week, clearly showing who's for and against the Refuge:
   1. ARCTIC WILDERNESS BILL -- would protect Refuge
   2. OIL INDUSTRY BILL -- would destroy it
   3. TAKE ACTION -- Ask Congress to protect Refuge and other public wild
lands from oil & gas drilling.

Take action and find out the latest at

**First, many, many thanks to all of you who made a gift to the Wilderness
Society in George Bush's name, in response to our last alert.  Your
messages have been sent to the White House.  Your support will help
greatly in our efforts to fight Bush's anti-environmental agenda,
including bringing you these weekly alerts.**

At a high-energy news conference on March 1st on the grounds of the
nation's capitol, a bipartisan group of legislators gathered to pledge
protection for the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.  At the news event,
legislators announced the introduction of legislation to protect as
wilderness the 1.5 million acre coastal plain of the Refuge, its
biological heart.

Later that day, Rep. Ed Markey (D-7/MA) introduced the Arctic wilderness
bill in the House of Representatives.  The bill, H.R. 770, already has 126
co-sponsors.  The Senate version, S. 411, was introduced by Sen. Joe
Lieberman (D-CT), and has 25 co-sponsors.

The coastal plain of the Arctic Refuge is a continuing target for oil
industry by the oil industry and its allies in Congress.  The best way to
ensure that the Refuge is fully protected from Big Oil is for Congress to
designate the coastal plain as official Wilderness.

FOR MORE INFO -- http://www.wilderness.org/arctic/action/ where you can:
   - Send your Representative and Senators a fax asking them to support
permanent protection of the Arctic Refuge.
   - Link to the bill text and co-sponsor lists.

Meanwhile, Sen. Frank Murkowski (R-AK) introduced an energy bill that
would benefit the oil industry at the expense of consumers and the
environment.  The bill, S. 388, includes a long list of anti-environmental
proposals designed to open up our public wild lands in the western United
States and the Arctic to Big Oil companies, in the process setting aside
environmental laws to protect our public wildlands.

Highlights of the bill:
   - Opens up the coastal plain of Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil

   - Turns over management of federal oil and gas leases on federal lands
from the U.S. government to state governments.  Covers on-shore leasable
lands managed by the U.S Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management in
the lower 48 states and Alaska, including the Arctic Refuge.
   In other words, the federal government would be obligated to defer to
state programs, regulations, and even state laws for oil and gas
operations on federal public lands.

   - The bill would waive certain federal laws like the Endangered Species

   - Gives unprecedented power to the Energy Department Secretary to
review *any* federal agency actions to determine if they have any
"significant adverse effect" on energy supplies.  While the Secretary
can't veto those actions as a result, he or she is required to file
reports to key congressional committees overseeing those agencies.

Is this the way to solve our energy problems?  Hardly.  This bill does not
give America what it needs.  Instead, it gives big oil, gas, and mining
corporations what they want.

Our country simply can't drill its way out of our energy problem.  The
U.S., with less than 5% of the world's population, consumes 24% of the
world's energy, yet only has 3% of the world's known oil reserves.  Even
if we opened all our parks, refuges, and coastlines to drilling, we still
wouldn't meet all of our current oil demand, or affect oil prices.  The
only way towards energy independence is through conservation and
alternative energy sources.

Take action -- send a letter your members of Congress at

Your members of Congress need to hear from you.  Send them a message from
http://www.wilderness.org/arctic/action/ and ask them to:

- Co-sponsor the bi-partisan Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Wilderness
Act (S. 411/H.R. 770).  The Arctic Refuge is America's Serengeti.  It
shouldn't become an oil and gas field.
- Oppose the Murkowski oil industry bill (S. 388), because throwing the
doors to our public lands open to development isn't the way to meet our
energy needs.

Or contact them directly:
Sen. ___________
U.S. Senate, Washington, DC  20505

Rep. ___________
U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC  20510

Capitol Switchboard: (202) 224-3121

For a full list of Action Items, visit

An archive of past Wildalerts can be found at

WildAlert is an email action alert system brought to you by The Wilderness
Society to keep you apprised of threats to our wildlands -- in the field
and in Washington.  WildAlert messages include updates along with clear,
concise actions you can take to protect America's last wild places.  You
are welcome to forward Wildalerts to all those  interested in saving
America's wildlands.

FEEDBACK: Please send your comments to <action@tws.org>.  If you simply hit "reply" to
this message, please include your email address in the body of the

TO SUBSCRIBE: If you have been forwarded this message and would like to
subscribe to the list, send the following message to
<lyris@lists.wilderness.org>: "subscribe wilderness-alert" (inserted in the body of the message,
without quotes).

Founded in 1935, The Wilderness Society works to protect America's
wilderness and to develop a nation-wide network of wild lands through
public education, scientific analysis and advocacy.  Our goal is to ensure
that future generations will enjoy the clean air and water, wildlife,
beauty and opportunities for recreation and renewal that pristine forests,
rivers, deserts and mountains provide. To take action on behalf of
wildlands today, visit our website at http://www.wilderness.org

from Environmental Defense March 6, 2001

See What You And Other Activists Have to Say About
Offshore Oil Drilling.

Action Network from Environmental Defense.   
Finding the ways that work. Funded by members like

Since February, you and over 10,000 other Action Network
activists have sent messages to the Minerals Management
Service (MMS) opposing efforts to open more U.S. coastline
to offshore oil drilling.  MMS has posted your comments
on their website, along with those from thousands of
other citizens, environmental groups, corporations
and political leaders.  Visit http://www.mms.gov/5-year/
and see what others like you have to say about offshore
oil drilling.  While we have no word yet on new MMS
plans for offshore oil drilling, we'll let you know
as soon as we do.

Spread the word about the dangers of offshore oil drilling.
Visit http://www.actionnetwork.org/campaign/ocs/forward
and invite your friends and family to send their own
personalized email opposing offshore oil drilling.
Together, we can protect our coastlines.

from Environmental Defense March 6, 2001

You can take action on this alert either by email or
preferably on the web at:

Alert expires on April 1, 2001

Here's what this alert is about:

Clean Up Air Pollution in Our National Parks


Action Network from Environmental Defense.   
Finding the ways that work. Funded by members like

Power plants are one of the biggest contributors to
air pollution problems in our National Parks and Wilderness
Areas.  On January 12, former U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency Administrator Carol Browner unveiled proposed
requirements to clean up air pollution from "grandfathered"
power plants and other industrial sources that foul
the scenic vistas in National Parks and Wilderness
Areas.  This clean up plan would protect premier natural
areas across the country including the following National
Parks:  the Grand Canyon, Great Smokies, Yosemite,
Yellowstone, Acadia, Shenandoah, Canyonlands, Bryce,
Glacier, Mount Rainier, and many others.

EPA's proposal is a major step towards cleaning up
the air in our National Parks and Wilderness Areas,
and is based on an analysis of available and low cost
power plant clean up measures already in use in the
U.S. and around the world.  However, major electric
utilities are trying to stop the public debate over
EPA's proposal before it even begins.  They are pressing
new EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman to stop
publication of this proposal in the Federal Register.
By stopping its publication, they will block public
comment and debate on the proposed action, derailing
this important clean air initiative in its tracks.

Demonstrate to the new Administrator that there is
broad public support for clean air and protection of
our National Parks and Wilderness Areas.  Take action
and urge the new Administrator to allow this important
proposal to move forward.   

For additional information:
(fact sheet describing EPA's proposal)

http://www.epa.gov/airprogm/oar/vis/ (general information
on programs to reduce air pollution in national parks)

http://www2.nature.nps.gov/ard/ (National Park Service
information on air pollution in the national parks)

Vickie Patton, Senior Attorney, Environmental Defense
at:  TakeAction@environmentaldefense.org


If you have access to a web browser, you can take action
on this alert by going to the following URL:


Just choose the "reply to sender" option on your email
program, and edit the letter below as you wish.  You
must include the whole letter in your response including
Please do not add your name and address to your letter.
Action Network automatically does this for you.  

We STRONGLY encourage you to make edits directly to
our sample letter below, and put the alert talking
points into your own words. An individualized letter
is worth ten computer generated letters. Of course,
hundreds of unedited letters will still create a large
impact, so please reply even if you don't have time
to personalize the letter.

Your letter will be addressed and sent to:
Administrator Christie Whitman


You have a rare opportunity to immediately begin your
clean air legacy by publishing EPA's proposal to clean
up air pollution in our nation's parks and wilderness
areas.  I urge you to ensure that EPA's proposed clean
up requirements for grandfathered power plants and
other industrial sources are promptly published in
the Federal Register.  Please do not give in to the
pressure from power plant lobbyists, and derail this
proposal before the public even has an opportunity
to comment.   

I'm one of millions of Americans who enjoys and highly
values America's revered national parks and wilderness
areas.  Unfortunately, the haze in our national parks
and wilderness areas not only obstructs the vistas
that draw visitors to these areas, but also impairs
the health of the hikers and visitors whose lungs are
damaged by the tiny particles that make up regional

EPA's proposed new rules to clean up air pollution
in the national parks were signed after more than a
year of intra-agency and inter-agency deliberations,
and are vital to our nation's effort to reduce the
pollution that mars the national park system.  I urge
you to demonstrate your support for clean air in the
national parks by immediately publishing EPA's proposed
clean up plan in the Federal Register.  

-------END OF LETTER-------------------------

from Environment News Service March 6, 2001

ENVIRONMENT NEWS SERVICE (ENS)      http://ens-news.com

               "We Cover the Earth For You"


LONDON, United Kingdom, March 6, 2001 (ENS) - The possible health
effects of living near power lines are being assessed after UK
scientists found that children exposed to certain levels of
electromagnetic fields for prolonged periods could be at an increased
risk of leukemia.

For full text and graphics, visit:



By Cat Lazaroff

NEW YORK, New York, March 6, 2001 (ENS) - World population reached 6.1
billion in mid-2000 and is currently growing at an annual rate of 1.3
per cent, or 77 million people per year, shows a new report by the
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. The report
predicts that population could climb as high as 10,900 million by the
year 2050.

For full text and graphics visit:


Second Supreme Court Victory for Clean Air

Critical Habitat Designated for Celebrated Jumping Frog

Victims of Stafford Slide Settle Lawsuit

Reduce Asthma By Eliminating Household Allergens, Pollutants

2001 Earthquakes More Deadly - Not More Frequent

Website Offers Energy Saving Tips

Nest Boxes Need Spring Cleaning Too

Environmental Opera Biospheria Premieres

For full text and graphics, visit:

SEND NEWS STORY TIPS TO news@ens-news.com


Groups Sue Federal Government Over Aerial Gunning of Wildlife

Coalition Demands Environmental and Economic Accountability

     WASHINGTON, DC, Mar. 6 -/E-Wire/-- A lawsuit filed in federal court
today seeks to stop the aerial gunning of wildlife until the US
Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Wildlife Services program (WS) and
the US Department of Interior's Colorado office of the Bureau of Land
Management (BLM) comply with federal law.

     /CONTACT: Andrea Lococo of The Fund for Animals, 307-859-8840;
Wendy Keefover-Ring of Sinapu, 303-447-8655; Robin Cooley of the Western
Environmental Law Center, 505-751-0351; Camilla Fox of the Animal
Protection Institute, 415-945-9309; or Pete Kolbenschlag of the Colorado
Environmental Coalition, 970-527-7502/

     /Web site: http://www.fund.org

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/06Mar0104.html



GM, Novozymes Biotech and Puroast(R) Recognized for Sustainable Business

Sustainable Business Institute Grants First Seal of Sustainability

     SAN JOSE, CA, Mar. 6 -/E-Wire/-- The Sustainable Business Institute
(SBI) today named the first recipients of the SBI Seal of Sustainability
at its annual conference. General Motors (GM), Puroast(R) Coffee Co.,
Inc., and Novozymes Biotech were awarded the Seal for their companies'
leadership in environmentally and socially responsible practices.

     /CONTACT: Sharon Sarris of Sustainable Business Institute,
831-688-7900, cell, 831-325-7900, slsarris@pacbell.net/

     /Web sites: http://www.SustainableBusiness.org

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/06Mar0103.html



Napier Environmental Technologies Inc.: Environmental Solution Drives

     VANCOUVER, Canada, Mar. 6 -/E-Wire/-- Napier Environmental
Technologies (TSE:NIR. - news) is pleased to announce that its
technology for easy, safe and cost effective disposal of waste latex and
water based paints is proving very successful with homeowners, the paint
industry and government authorities.

     /CONTACT: Napier Environmental Technologies Inc., Don Mosher,
604/801-6664, nir@direct.ca, or Napier Environmental Technologies Inc.,
Robert Carriere, 604/801-6664/

     /Web site: http://www.napierenvironmental.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/06Mar0102.html



International News Update

     LONGVIEW, TX, Mar. 6 -/E-Wire/-- Summit Environmental Corporation,
Inc. (OTC BB SEVT) today announced the sale of FirePower 911"! to its
distributor in Norway - Techno Supplies. Techno Supplies sells products
to municipal and military fire departments.

     /CONTACT: Keith Parker, CEO at 800-522-7841/

     /Web site: http://www.seci-us.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/06Mar0101.html


from Working Assets 'Act for Change' March 6, 2001

We hope you'll join our urgent campaign to stop an
environmental outrage our president has made a top priority.

In a deeply cynical maneuver, President Bush is citing California's
short-term energy crisis in an effort to push through approval of long-term
oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, one of the nation's
most important and fragile wildlife breeding zones. It is up to everyone who
cares about our environment to step forward and take action on this crucial


Tell our senators they must protect this national treasure! By using the
link above you can take action right now from your computer in just a few
quick clicks. Simply click the link, or copy and paste it into your browser.

The oil industry has long campaigned for the rights to drill in the pristine
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge with potentially devastating consequences
for the region's fragile habitat, native communities and unparalleled
wildlife. The 1.6 million-acre coastal plain of the refuge is the United
States' premier birthing and nursing ground for arctic wildlife, including
grizzly and polar bears, musk oxen, the arctic fox, wolves and wolverines,
135 bird species, and a migrating herd of caribou which supports thousands
of native people still living in harmony with this rugged land.  

"The Arctic Refuge is a unique environmental cathedral -- a 19-million-acre
expanse where mountains meet ocean, where grizzly bears meet polar bears,
where 130,000 caribou migrate each spring to give birth on the coastal
plain, where an entire ecosystem is preserved and where Mother Nature is
totally in charge," wrote journalist Thomas L. Friedman in the New York
Times (3/2/01). "This is not Yellowstone Park, with campsites and R.V.'s.
The original idea behind the Refuge's creation was to save an area of pure
wilderness, in which there would be no maps, virtually no roads and no
development. When the Bush team says it can drill in such wilderness without
harming it, it's like saying you can do online trading in church on your
Palm Pilot without disturbing anyone. It violates the very ethic of the

And the arguments Bush and his oil cronies make for drilling this cathedral
just don't hold up:

An average of 409 spills have occurred annually on Alaska's North Slope
since 1996, while operations produce tons of nitrogen oxides, which cause
smog and acid rain, and large amounts of sewage, garbage and scrap metal.
The drilling sites in the Arctic Refuge would be strewn throughout the
delicate coastal plain, linked by pipelines and roads.

The U.S. Geological Survey estimates the oil that could be extracted would
fuel the U.S. market for less than six months. Consider that increasing fuel
efficiency standards for new vehicles to an average of 39 miles per gallon
over the next decade would save 51 billion barrels of oil over the next 50
years -- more than 15 times the likely yield from the Arctic Refuge!

The oil market is global, and oil from the Arctic Refuge would expand global
oil reserves by just 0.3 percent -- a quantity far too inconsequential to
affect prices at the pump or elsewhere.

Drilling in the coastal plain would have no impact on California's
electricity problems or any other state's electricity problems. Most U.S.
electric power plants do not use oil. Less than 1 percent of California's
electricity is generated by burning oil, and the average for the United
States as a whole is only 3 percent. Besides, no oil from the Refuge would
flow to refineries for at least a decade.

Despite all this, Alaska's Congressional delegation continues to push for
oil development in this fragile corner of the Arctic, which will fill the
state's coffers with oil drilling royalties. On Feb. 26, Sen. Frank
Murkowski (R-Alaska) introduced a sweeping piece of energy policy
legislation that would allow Arctic Refuge drilling, while also weakening
nationwide power plant standards designed to fight global warming.

Please stand with us as we fight this attempt to ravage one of the last
truly wild landscapes in the United States. To take action, simply click on
the link below or copy and paste it into your browser.


There is strength in numbers!  So once you take action, please forward this
e-mail to friends and associates so they can speak out, too.

You can also take action on these and many other crucial, timely actions at

End Use of Human Antibiotics in Livestock Feed

Tell Ford to Offer Environment-friendly Cars

Ban Special Interest Money in Elections

And, if after taking action, you want to do even more to protect the Arctic
National Wildlife Refuge, go to http://www.giveforchange.com and make a
donation to Defenders of Wildlife or Natural Resources Defense Council
(NRDC) who are working on protecting this natural resource. Or you can
donate to the Sierra Club through the link below.

Sierra Club (Donate now and get a free expedition pack!)

With appreciation,

Michael Kieschnick
President, Working Assets

from Sierra Club March 6, 2001

March 5, 2001

Quote of the Day:

The love of wilderness is more than a hunger for what is always beyond
reach; it is also an expression of loyalty to the earth, the earth which
bore us and sustains us, the only paradise we shall ever know, the only
paradise we ever need -- if only we had the eyes to see ... No, wilderness
is not a luxury but a necessity of the human spirit, as vital to our lives
as water and good bread.
-- Edward Abbey, Desert Solitaire, 1968

Table of Contents:

2. Support Funding for Renewable Energy: Oppose President Bush's plan to
make funding on renewables subject to drilling in the Arctic Refuge

3. Tell the Forest Service: Keep Oil Rigs Out of Bridger-Teton National

4.  Write a Letter to the Editor: End Commercial Logging in our National

5.  Fight for Responsible Trade: Don't Let Free Trade of the Americas
Agreement Undermine Environmental Protections

6.  Tell President Bush: Reinstate Support for International Family

7.  Protect Our Wild Forests

9. Whitman Decides To Go Forward On Diesel Rule

Last month, Mexico's President Vicente Fox promised to have the Ministry of
the Interior look into the case of Rodolfo Montiel and Teodoro Cabrera, two
Mexican anti-logging environmentalists who have been in prison for nearly
two years and have suffered torture and have received continuous verbal
threats directed at their families and them.

This week, Mr. Montiel and Mr. Cabrera's lawyers will file a special appeal
(an amparo) which challenges an act of an authority that violated an
individual's constitutional guarantees. After the amparo is filed, Mexico's
Attorney General Rafeal Macedo de la Concha will have the opportunity to
issue an opinion, which, if it is in support of the amparo, has the
potential of freeing Mr. Montiel and Mr. Cabrera.

President Fox will unveil National Campaign for the Protection of Forests
and Water on Wednesday, which will feature a call on civil society to
participate in the protection of these resources.   However, until this
case is resolved, an outstanding question for the Mexican government will
remain:  how will you call on civil society to protect the forests if those
who participate are incarcerated?


Write to President Vicente Fox
c/o Embassy of Mexico
1911 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036

Ask him to:

* Ensure that a full review of the case be completed by government
* Urge the Attorney General to issue an opinion of innocence with regards
to the amparo.

Lic. Vicente Fox Quesada
President of Mexico
Palacio Nacional Patio de Honor, Primer Piso
Colonia Centro
México DF CP 06067
Fax: 011-525-515-5729 and 011-525-277-2376


Lic. Vicente Fox Quesada
President of Mexico
Embassy of Mexico
1911 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20036
(Please do not fax letters to the Mexican Embassy -- Faxed letters to the
Embassy are not considered official correspondence)

2. Support Funding for Renewable Energy: Oppose President Bush's plan to
make funding on renewables subject to drilling in the Arctic Refuge

The Bush Administration's draft budget would fund research into renewable
energy by allocating up to $1.2 billion in bonuses from bidders who have
won the right to drill in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Linking
funding for renewable energy to the destruction of the Arctic Refuge is the
worst possible policy for our environment. As if this were not bad enough
the $1.2 billion figure is a ceiling- no minimum amount of funding is
guaranteed. Also the bidding bonuses are estimated to begin in 2004,
meaning that there is no guranteed timeline for when funding will begin.

Action: Email President@whitehouse.gov.

Sample Text: I oppose the provisions in your budget that link funding for
alternative energy to drilling the Arctic Refuge. The idea that funding our
solar and renewable energy research depends on despoiling the Arctic
National Wildlife Refuge for its estimated six month supply of oil is not
only ludicrous, it is bankrupt.

More Information: Contact Alex Veitch at alex.veitch@sierraclub.org, or at

3. Say No to Oil and Gas Development in Bridger-Teton National Forest

The Bridger-Teton National Forest, bordering Yellowstone National Park in
northwest Wyoming, is world famous for its blue ribbon trout streams,
winding through lush valleys complete with vast herds of elk. But the oil
and gas industry is fighting to open up nearly 370,000 acres -- an area
larger than neighboring Grand Teton National Park -- to oil and gas
development. Drill rigs, accompanied by a maze of roads and power lines,
already fracture many of the last best places in the Greater Yellowstone

The Bridger-Teton National Forest recently proposed to put this land off
limits to oil and gas industrialization. The public overwhelmingly supports
this proposal, known as the "No Lease" alternative in the draft
environmental impact statement for oil and gas development. In fact, 98
percent of the more than 2,500 comments received supported the "No Lease"

Big oil is working to reverse this proposal. Only through an emphatic show
of public support for the Forest Service proposal will the "No Lease"
decision hold.

This decision will set a precedent for the future management of our
national forests: Will our public lands be managed mainly for
industrial-scale resource extraction and production? Or are some places
simply too important because of their wildlife, clean water and recreation

Tell the Forest Service to continue its efforts to protect the
Bridger-Teton National Forest. Say you support the "No Lease" alternative.

For a sample letter, see:

4. End Commercial Logging in National Forests

Help protect our national forests from the destructive and money losing
practice of commercial logging. Please write a letter to your local
newspaper and urge your friends and neighbors to do the same.
You can find a sample letter at: www.sierraclub.org/takeaction/logging

5. Fight for Responsible Trade

The North American Free Trade Agreement was supposed to relax trade
restrictions between Canada, Mexico and the United States. But some of
those alleged trade restrictions are hard-won environmental laws.

But NAFTA contains dangerous provisions (similar to those in Newt
Gingrich's Contract with America) that allow corporations to sue
governments if environmental laws get in the way of profits. Already, a
Canadian chemical company has used these NAFTA provisions to sue the United
States for $1 billion because California banned a carcinogenic gasoline
additive that is poisoning the state's drinking water.

The Bush administration now wants to expand these dangerous provisions
though a new trade pact, the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
agreement, covering the entire Western Hemisphere.

The FTAA has been negotiated in total secrecy. Please write to your
senators and representatives and urge the Bush administration to "release
the text" of the FTAA so the public can understand its terms.

Write your senators at: U.S. Senate, Washington, DC 20515.
Write your representative at: U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC

6. Urge Bush to Reinstate Support for International Family Planning

Only two days after his inaugural address, President Bush dealt a blow to
international family planning programs by reinstating the global gag rule.
The global gag rule bars international family planning organizations that
receive a single dollar of U.S. funds from using their own money to talk
about abortion with their patients, provide abortion services, or lobby to
change abortion laws in their countries.

Tell President Bush you disagree and ask him to support these programs in
the future. For more information, go to:

7. Protect Our Last Wild Forests:  Don't Let Bush and Congress Reverse
Historic Roadless Initiative

Last year, tens of thousands of Sierra Club members wrote letters, attended
hearings and spoke out in favor of protecting the last remaining wild areas
of our national forests. We celebrated on Jan. 5 when President Clinton
issued the final decision to protect 58.5 million acres from logging and
roadbuilding -- including the last wild areas in Alaska's Tongass National
Forest, the largest remaining temperate rainforest on Earth.

Now the timber industry and its allies in Congress and the Bush
Administration are gearing up to overturn this historic conservation
achievement. President Bush has already issued an order to delay its
implementation until mid-May.

We need your help to keep these forests wild. Write your senators and
representative and urge them to oppose all efforts to undermine the
roadless conservation plan. Personal letters are most effective, so please
take a few minutes to write a note expressing your support for protecting
our wild forests. Below is a sample letter you can use as a starting point.

Write your senators at: U.S. Senate, Washington, DC 20515.
Write your representative at: U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC

More than half of our national forest land has been hammered by logging and
other destructive activities. The more than 440,000 miles of roads that
scar our national forests have destroyed wildlife habitat, caused mudslides
and polluted our water. After years of study and unprecedented public
involvement, the Forest Service completed a roadless area policy to protect
the last remaining unspoiled wild areas in our national forests.

Unfortunately, the timber industry and its allies in Congress are gearing
up to overturn this historic rule. As your constituent, I urge you to
protect all of our national forests and OPPOSE all legislation that aims to
weaken or overturn the roadless conservation rule.

8.  Whitman Decides To Go Forward On Diesel Rule EPA Administrator Christie
Whitman today directed that EPA move forward on schedule with its rule to
make heavy-duty trucks and buses run cleaner.  These vehicles, which will
be ready by model year 2007, will cut harmful pollution by 95 percent.
Sulfur in diesel fuel must be lowered to enable modern pollution-control
technology to be effective on these trucks and buses.  The Agency will
require a 97 percent reduction in the sulfur content of highway diesel fuel
from its current level of 500 parts per million to 15 parts per million.

In announcing this decision, Administrator Whitman said, "The Bush
Administration determined that this action not be delayed in order to
protect public health and the environment.  I look forward to working with
state and local governments to meet their air quality goals as well as with
citizens and businesses to ensure that diesel trucks and buses remain a
viable and important part of the nation's economy."

Once this action is fully implemented, 2.6 million tons of smog-causing
nitrogen oxide emissions will be reduced each year.  Soot or particulate
matter will be reduced by 110,000 tons a year.  An estimated 8,300
premature deaths, 5,500 cases of chronic bronchitis and 17,600 cases of
acute bronchitis in children will also be prevented annually.  It is also
estimated to help avoid more than 360,000 asthma attacks and 386,000 cases
of respiratory symptoms in asthmatic children every year.  In addition, 1.5
million lost work days, 7,100 hospital visits and 2,400 emergency room
visits for asthma will be prevented.

Sierra Club Legislative Hotline - 202-675-2394
Sierra Club National Headquarters - 415-977-5500
Sierra Club World Wide Web - http://www.sierraclub.org
Sierra Club Vote Watch Website - http://www.sierraclub.org/votewatch/
White House Comment Line - 202-456-1111
White House Fax Line - 202-456-2461
George W. Bush's  e-mail - president@whitehouse.gov
Dick Cheney's  e-mail - vice-president@whitehouse.gov
White House Address - 1600 Pennsylvania Ave, Washington, DC 20500
US Capitol Switchboard - 202-224-3121
To contact your senators - http://www.senate.gov/contacting/index.cfm
To contact your representative - http://www.house.gov/writerep

from League of Conservation Voters March 7, 2001

LCV's Weekly Congressional Update
Week of March 5th, 2001

The League of Conservation Voters (LCV) continues to monitor Congressional
activity and hold Members accountable for their action on important
environmental issues. See the information below for a concise look at what
happened in Congress last week and what we anticipate for the coming week.


* Bush delivers budget proposal;

* Dueling legislation on the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge introduced;

* U.S. Supreme Court rules on constitutionality of clean air regulations;


During his address to Congress on February 27, President Bush included in
his budget proposal plans to honor the environmental pledges he made while
campaigning for president last year. Bush's budget blueprint -- while
short on details -- contains measures to speed the clean up of
contaminated, industrial sites, fully fund the Land and Water Conservation
Fund, eliminate the $4.9 billion maintenance backlog at the nation's
national parks and adopt mandatory reduction targets for emissions of
harmful pollutants from power plants.

However, there are numerous references within the budget blueprint to
"streamline" and/or reduce or eliminate funding for projects and programs
that are of "low priority" or not of national interest. LCV strongly
opposes the provision to open up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to
oil drilling.  The majority of Americans value strongly enforced public
health safeguards and public lands protections, thus we will closely
monitor Bush's complete budget proposal in April to ensure that important
programs to protect public health and the nation's air, water and national
parks are not sacrificed to pay for his $1.6 trillion tax cut.

Learn more; go to LCV's "Eye on the Administration"

See a broad agency-by-agency funding breakdown:

Last week, Sen. Frank Murkowski (R-AK) introduced the National Energy
Security Act of 2001 (S.389). The bill would open the Arctic Wildlife
Refuge to oil drilling, provide incentives for developing coal production
and give more power to states in the management of federal lands. Action
on the bill will await a similar White House energy plan headed up by
former a oilman, Vice President Cheney. Last week Secretary of Energy
Spencer Abraham announced the administration plan would not be completed
for 60 days. Their proposals were originally expected by the end of March.
No hearings have been scheduled for S.389. LCV is strongly opposed to many
elements of Murkowski's bill.

In direct response to calls for opening the Arctic National Wildlife
Refuge to oil drilling, Senator Joe Lieberman (D-CT) and Reps. Ed. Markey
(D-MA) and Nancy Johnson (R-CT) introduced companion bills into the House
(HR.770) and Senate (S.411) that would designate the coastal plain of the
Arctic Wildlife Refuge as wilderness. If passed, the Refuge would be off
limits to oil drilling. Senator Lieberman's bill currently has 24
cosponsors. To read Sen. Lieberman's statement and the bill itself, go to
the Senator's website at http://www.senate.gov/~lieberman.

Rep. Markey and Johnson's bill to block drilling on the coastal plain of
Alaska is similar to a version previously sponsored by the late
Congressman Bruce Vento (D-MN). Their bipartisan bill has 177 cosponsors.
The bills were announced at a joint press conference last week that
included House Minority Leader Dick Gephardt (D-MO).
To learn more go to Rep. Markey's website at http://www.house.gov/markey
or Rep. Johnson's website at http://www.house.gov/nancyjohnson.


Action on Senator John Kerry's (D-MA) Small Business and Farm Energy
Emergency Relief Act (S.295) is expected this week. The bill would make
loans available to small business owners and farmers affected by
high-energy prices. Sen. Carl Levin (D-MI) included an amendment in
committee that would permit small businesses to use the loans for
converting their power to alternative fuels.


The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee is scheduled to hold a
mark-up on Lincoln Chafee's S.350, The Brownfields Revitalization and
Environmental Restoration Act. Hearings held on the bill last week
indicated broad bipartisan support for the measure. Sen. Crapo (R-ID) has
indicated that he is considering offering amendments to the bill. Crapo
originally blocked the legislation during the 106th Congress. He contends
that the EPA should not have the ability to intervene in brownfields
redevelopment once the states have approved the initial cleanup. This
"finality" provision remains the most contentious issue in the bill. At
the hearing, EPA Administrator Whitman testified she did not support
efforts to weaken the current legislation.

Last week, LCV, along with seven other environmental and public interest
groups, sent a letter to Senators Smith, Reid, Chafee and Boxer urging
them to oppose any efforts to weaken S.350 and to strengthen or clarify
certain provisions dealing with enforcement and clean-up procedures.

On Wednesday, March 7th at 10:00 am, the House Resources Committee will
hold hearings on the potential for energy development on public lands.
Three western governors are expected to testify including Alaska Gov. Tony
Knowles (D), Montana Gov. Judy Martz (R) and Wyoming Gov. Jim Geringer
(R). All three are advocates of opening areas within their states to oil,
gas and coal development. Some issues likely to be raised include drilling
in the Arctic Refuge, coal mining at the site that is now the Grand
Staircase-Escalante National Monument and coalbed methane development in
eastern Montana.

On Thursday, March 8th at 10:00am, the House Resources forests and forest
health subcommittee will hold hearings on developing the National Fire
Plan. Last year, millions of acres were consumed in a series of wildfires
throughout the west. Drought and a heavy build up of dead trees and
undergrowth are the likely causes of the fires. Some members of Congress
and many timber industry representatives claim the fires are a result of
logging restrictions designed to protect sensitive habitat. The argument
is that the less tree harvesting allowed, the higher the risk of forest

However, in August 2000, the non-partisan Congressional Research Service
published a report on the issue that noted: "Timber harvesting removes the
relatively large diameter wood that can be converted into wood products,
but leaves behind the small material, especially twigs and needles. The
concentration of these 'fine fuels' on the forest floor increases the rate
of spread of wildfires."

Read the CRS report: http://www.cnie.org/nle/for-30.html.


**In one of the most anticipated decisions of the year, the U.S. Supreme
Court ruled unanimously in favor of the EPA's authority to set clean air
regulations. In 1979, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) declared
that a safe level of ozone is 0.12 parts per million over a one-hour
period.  Under the Clean Air Act, states with higher smog levels were
required to develop pollution control plans to bring them into compliance
with this standard.  In 1997, in response to a growing body of scientific
evidence, EPA determined that the ozone standard was not sufficient to
protect public health and issued a more protective standard: 0.08 parts
per million over an 8-hour period.  This new standard would substantially
reduce the risk of permanent lung damage for millions of at-risk

The new standard was immediately challenged in court by a wide array of
industries and some states that wanted to avoid clean up.  A federal
appeals court stayed EPA from enforcing the new rule pending an appeal to
the Supreme Court. On Tuesday, February 27th, in an opinion written by
Justice Antonin Scalia, the Supreme Court rejected both challenges. The
court held that first, the EPA's regulating authority was constitutional
and second, that the agency may not consider economic costs when setting
clean air standards to protect the public's health.

Read the New York Times article on the decision:  

Read the Supreme Court opinion:
http://www.supremecourtus.gov/opinions/00pdf/99-1257.pdf (PDF required)

**EPA Administrator Christine Whitman had a big week. On Monday, Whitman
spoke on CNN's "Crossfire" about possible steps the Bush administration is
considering to combat global warming. Whitman acknowledged that the
warming of the planet's atmosphere is occurring and that any policy to
address the issue would need to involve limits on carbon emissions. She
also denied that federal clean air regulations were to blame for the
energy crisis in California.
Read the full transcript, click

**Also this week, Whitman enacted a tough new diesel emission rule for
buses and trucks. Within hours of taking office on January 20, President
Bush put a 60-day halt on numerous executive orders and regulations
dealing with public health and the environment that were implemented
during the final days of the Clinton administration.  Among the rules
affected by Bush's actions, were new regulations requiring large,
diesel-powered vehicles to reduce their emissions by 95 percent and
forcing oil companies to reduce the sulfur content in diesel fuel by 97
percent.  The oil industry strongly opposed the rules, but
environmentalists and public health advocates said the new regulations
would reduce lung cancer and alleviate suffering for millions of Americans
with asthma and other respiratory problems.  On March 1, 2001, the Bush
administration decided to let the diesel rules stand.  In a move praised
by the environmental and conservation community, EPA Administrator
Christie Whitman said she would support the new standards, which would be
phased in between 2006 and 2010.
Further information about the diesel rules can be accessed at

LCV's Weekly Congressional Update is compiled using various sources,
including Congressional Quarterly, Congressional GreenSheets and
Greenwire.  LCV-Update is brought to you by the League of Conservation
Voters, the nonprofit political voice for the national environmental and
conservation community. LCV is the only national organization dedicated
full-time to informing the public about the environmental records of
federally elected officials and candidates.

LCV publishes annually the National Environmental Scorecard, which rates
members of Congress on the most critical environmental votes cast during
that year.

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Check out LCV's web site, where you can find National Environmental
Scorecards, recent environmental votes, letters to Congress, and
grassroots and membership information. Look for us at: www.lcv.org

Join LCV today! To find out more information about how to become a member
of LCV please contact us at:

League of Conservation Voters
1920 L Street, NW Suite 800
Washington, DC 20036
fax: (202)835-0491
email: lcv@lcv.org

from Environment News Service March 7, 2001

ENVIRONMENT NEWS SERVICE (ENS)      http://ens-news.com

               "We Cover the Earth For You"


GENEVA, Switzerland, March 7, 2001 (ENS) - Global warming can be
conquered, an international panel of scientists reported Monday, but
development paths leading to low greenhouse gas emissions "depend on a
wide range of policy choices and require major policy changes in areas
other than climate change."

For full text and graphics, visit:



By Neville Judd

UCLUELET, British Columbia, Canada, March 7, 2001 (ENS) - Rick Telford
was a little surprised when he stumbled on naked revelers in Virgin
Falls, last January 1. It may have been mild, but the glacier fed waters
are still frigid six months later on Canada Day.

For full text and graphics visit:



LONDON, United Kingdom, March 7, 2001 (ENS) - UK Prime Minister Tony
Blair has announced a further £100 million (US$147 million) to support
renewable energy technology in what green groups described as his
strongest environmental speech yet.

For full text and graphics visit:



By Susana Guzman

MEXICO CITY, Mexico, March 7, 2001 (ENS) - The new Mexican government is
going all out to protect the country's dwindling forest and water
reserves - even threatening to use the armed forces in the protection of
these resources. To create awareness of the importance of forests and
water, Mexican President Vicente Fox today launched the National Crusade
for Forests and Water in Pátzcuaro, Michoacán.

For full text and graphics visit:



By Cat Lazaroff

ARCATA, California, March 7, 2001 (ENS) - Logging roads built on steep,
forested slopes can send tons of sediment into downslope waterways,
smothering aquatic species and changing the course of streams. But the
effects need not be permanent, shows a new study by a research geologist
with the U.S. Geological Survey.

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Timber Subsidies Reach Record Levels

Suit Challenges Aerial Wildlife Shooting

New Lamp Sheds Light on Energy Efficiency

Act Now to Save Pacific Fish, Coalition Urges

Comments Needed on Proposed MOX Facility

Vulnerable Today, Endangered Tomorrow

March Proclaimed Seagrass Awareness Month

Nature Mops Up

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International Paper's Joe Hanley Named 'Forester of the Year' By New
York Society of American Foresters

     PURCHASE, N.Y., Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- Joe Hanley, area manager of
International Paper's New York forestlands, was recently honored as
"Forester of the Year" for 2000 by the New York Society of American
Foresters. The award was given "in recognition of outstanding
contributions to the practice and profession of forestry, the
conservation and stewardship of forest resources in New York, and the
objectives of the Society of American Foresters."

     /CONTACT: Jack Cox, 914-397-1952, or Bob Stegemann, 518-465-5600,
both for International Paper/

     /Web site: http://www.internationalpaper.com/

For Full Text Visit:  http://ens-news.com/e-wire/Mar01/07Mar0109.html



GEMI Announces Final Program For 'GEMI 2001: An Odyssey to Environmental

     WASHINGTON, D.C., Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- The Global Environmental
Management Initiative (GEMI) today announced the final program for its
annual conference entitled, "GEMI 2001: An Odyssey to Environmental
Excellence." More than 200 corporate, governmental and NGO leaders are
expected to participate in the two-day conference featuring globally
recognized speakers and panelists. The conference will take place at the
Renaissance Harborplace Hotel in Baltimore, MD on March 19-20, 2001.

/CONTACT: Amy Goldman of Global Environmental Management Initiative,

     /Web site: http://www.gemi.org/

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Oil-Rich Dubai, Starting Point of BMW LH2 10-Car World Tour, Considers

     RHINECLIFF, NY, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- Oil-producing Dubai, a key
commercial and technological crossroad in the Persian Gulf region, is
taking its first cautious steps towards the eventual production of
renewable hydrogen in close cooperation with car maker BMW. If the
strategy takes hold and succeeds, it could mark a revolutionary shift in
the world's system of energy distribution. It could signal the beginning
of a shift away from carbon-based fuels to solar-derived renewable
energy among the world's principal producers of petroleum.

     /CONTACT: Peter Hoffmann, 845-876-5988, Fax: 845-876-7599, email:

     /Web site: http://www.hfcletter.com/letter/march01/

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Startech Issues Letter to Shareholders

WILTON, CT, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- The following statement was issued today
by Startech Environmental Corp. at their 2001 Annual Meeting of
Shareholders: Good morning Ladies and Gentleman:

     /CONTACT: Robert DeRochie for Startech Environmental Corp.,

/Company News On-Call: http://www.prnewswire.com/comp/113537.html or
fax, 800-758-5804, ext. 113537/

     /Web site: http://www.startech.com/

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International Paper First to Enroll in Nature Conservancy Program

     WAKEFIELD, VA, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- International Paper became the
first private landowner in Virginia to enroll in The Nature
Conservancy's "Safe Harbor" program in Sussex County. Under the
agreement, International Paper will manage 286 acres adjacent to the
Conservancy's Piney Grove Preserve to enhance habitat for the only
breeding population remaining in Virginia of the endangered red-cockaded

      /CONTACT: James Foster of International Paper, 912-238-7240; or
Daniel White of The Nature Conservancy, 804-295-6106/

      /Web site: http://www.internationalpaper.com/

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Wind Energy’s Costs Hit New Low, Position Wind as Clean Solution to
Energy Crisis, Trade Group Says

     WASHINGTON, DC, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- Electricity from large new wind
farms proposed in the Western United States will be generated at
record-low costs, establishing wind energy as a source of electricity
that can play a significant role in stabilizing electricity prices while
offsetting pollution associated with conventional electricity
generation, the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) said today.

     /CONTACT: Tom Gray (802) 649-2112, Christine Real de Azua (202)

     /Web site: http://www.awea.org/pubs/factsheets.html/

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AFS Sets New Standard for General Motors 5.3 Litre Vortec Engine

     CALGARY, ALBERTA, Canada, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- Alternative Fuel
Systems Inc. (CDNX:ATF) (“AFS” or the “Company”) is pleased to announce
that it has successfully applied its Sparrow compressed natural gas
(“CNG”) engine control system to GM’s new 5.3 litre “Vortec” gasoline
engine. This popular engine, currently being used by most of GM’s light
duty trucks and sport utility vehicles across North America, has proved
difficult for traditional CNG fuelling systems because of its high level
of integrated electronic control.

     /CONTACT: John C. Anderson, President & CEO., Phone: (403)
262-1833, Fax: (403) 237-7441 Email: jcanderson@afsglobal.com/

     /Web site: http://www.afsglobal.com/

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ZAP Bikes Get a Boost from Washington

     WASHINGTON, DC, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- Electric bicycles like the
POWERBIKE® from ZAPWORLD.COM (Nasdaq: ZAPP - news) received a vote of
approval today at approximately 6:45 p.m. EST from the U.S. House of

     /CONTACT: Call toll-free at 800-251-4555/

     /Web sites: http://www.zapworld.com

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Environ.com and ChemDeals.com, Announce Supply Chain Marketplace

     TEMPE, AZ, and FALMOUTH, MA, Mar. 7 -/E-Wire/-- Today,
Environmental Support Solutions (Environ.com), announced it has
partnered with ChemDeals.com, an on-line chemical exchange, to provide
its environmental compliance solutions to ChemDeals.com's customers.

     /CONTACT: Robin Suzelis of Environ.com, 480-346-5524,
robin_suzelis@environ.com; or Scott Bearon of ChemDeals.com,
888-310-4416, scott@chemdeals.com/

     /Web sites: http://www.chemdeals.com

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Earthhope Action Network/environment & conservation activism & wildlife protection